Yini i-LPG? Izinkinga zemoto ezingenzeka kanye nezixazululo zazo

Yini i-LPG

GLP is the acronym for I-liquefied petroleum gas. Uphethiloli ezinye izimoto ezingawusebenzisa, kungaba ovela embonini noma ngenxa yokuthi ashintshwe kamuva. Kungaphezulu ezomnotho kanye nemvelo kunophethiloli, abantu abaningi bayawukhetha. Futhi nakakhulu manje njengoba inezinzuzo ze-hybrid.

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela mayelana izici ze-LPG noma i-Autogas, ukuthi kuthinta kanjani ukusetshenziswa okunikezwa imoto, yiziphi izici zayo ezinhle kanye nezinkinga zayo nokuthi yini okufanele uyicabangele ukuze wazi ukuthi ikufanele yini.

Yini i-LPG

Izimoto ezingasebenzisa i-LPG

El GLP o I-liquefied petroleum gas empeleni ingxube yamagesi amabili: i butane kanye propane. Okungukuthi, izinto zokubasa ezimbili ezivame ukusetshenziswa ekushiseni nasekuphekeni. Womabili amagesi aba uketshezi ngokwehlisa izinga lokushisa libe ngaphansi kuka -40º C. Ngemva kwalokho, igcinwa ikulesi simo ngokuyigcina inengcindezi ephezulu ngaphakathi kwesilinda.

Yiziphi izimoto ezingasebenzisa i-LPG

Ukuze uqale ukushiswa kwe-LPG inhlansi iyadingeka, ngakho kuphela izinjini zikaphethiloli bangahlomisa amasistimu adingekayo ukuze bayisebenzise. Izinjini zikadizili azisekelwe, njengoba esikhundleni salokhu baphendukela ekwenyukeni komfutho kadizili ukuze uvutha.

Ezinye izimoto ziza sezilungisiwe kwendwangu ukusebenzisa i-LPG, kodwa noma kungenjalo, cishe noma iyiphi imoto kaphethiloli ingafakwa kabusha kamuva. Isidingo esidingekayo sokuthola uguquko ukuthi ihlangabezana ne Imithetho yokukhishwa kwe-Euro 3. Noma beka enye indlela: cishe noma iyiphi imoto kaphethiloli ngemva konyaka ka-2000.

Izinjini ze-LPG zingase zibe nezinkinga ngokuma kwesihlalo se-valve.

Izinkinga ze-LPG

Izimoto ze-LPG zethule izinkinga ezithile noma ukuphuka, nakuba ziye zalungiswa ngendlela eyodwa noma enye. I inkinga eyinhloko eyethulwa ezinye izimoto nalesi simiso kuyinto ukuqhuma kwezihlalo ze-valve. Lawa amasongo amancane afakwa kuwo isinqe ngokumelene nalabo abacindezelayo ama-valve uma bevala. Umphumela waba ukuthi ungase ube nakho izinkinga zokucindezelwa kwenjini.

Isizathu sale nkinga kwakungenxa yokuthi I-LPG ayinaso isithasiselo sokuyivimbela Ezweni lethu. Abanye abakhiqizi bathi izihlalo zama-valve ziqinisiwe ukuvimbela lokhu. Ngakho-ke, uma kuyiqiniso, izinjini eziza nohlelo lwe-LPG ezivela efekthri akufanele ziveze izinkinga.

Kulabo abanohlelo lwe-LPG olufakwe kabusha endlini ekhethekile, kungcono ukusebenzisa izithasiselo ukuze uyivikele. lezo zezindlu V-Lube o Izindawo ziyizibonelo ezinhle. Kodwa-ke, noma ngabe unemoto ene-LPG evela efektri, kungcono ukuthi ucabangele ukusetshenziswa kwalezi zithako futhi okungenani ubuze ku-workshop yomkhiqizo wakho.

UDacia Sandero nge-LPG

Ezinye izinkinga izimoto ze-LPG ezibe nazo kungenxa yokulimala kokukhiqiza, hhayi igesi uqobo. Ngokwesibonelo, ezinye izinjini Renault esetshenziswa Dacia. Okusho ukuthi, ukuwohloka okwenzeka kunoma yikuphi Uhlobo lwenjini: uphethiloli, udizili, igesi, i-hybrid, ugesi… okungafanele inesisindo kumasistimu e-LPG.

Kubiza malini ukuguqula imoto ibe yi-LPG

Uma umuntu engakhethi ukuthenga imoto entsha ye-LPG ethengwe ngqo endlini, ungakwazi ukuya esikhungweni esikhethekile ukuze uyivumelanise nayo. Inani ngokuvamile phakathi kuka-1.700 no-2.500 euros kuye ngokuthi imoto yenziwe kanjani, inani lamasilinda nobukhulu bayo. Ungacela isabelomali ngaphandle kokuzibophezela kunoma iyiphi yazo.

Ukushintsha kwe-LPG

Ingabe kuyaphazamisa ukusebenza kwemoto?

Izinhlelo zamanje ze-LPG zivumela ukusebenza kwemoto ukuthi kube cishe okufanayo. Ongoti bakhombisa ukuthi ukwehla kwamandla kungaphansi kuka-2%. Ukuze ushintsho alubonakali kumshayeli. Imoto ene-125 hp esebenzisa uphethiloli izoletha i-122,5 hp ngenkathi isebenzisa igesi.

Lapho ukuguqulwa kuqediwe, imoto iyakwazi ukusebenzisa igesi noma uphethiloli ngokungacacile. Indlela ephakathi kwalezi zinhlelo ezimbili ithi icishe ingabonakali. Kakhulu, ukwehla komsindo kuzobonakala lapho udla igesi.

Ngaphandle uma kuboniswe ngenye indlela, isistimu ngokwayo izokhetha ukuthi iyiphi imithombo yamandla emibili ezoyisebenzisa nganoma isiphi isikhathi. Ngokuvamile zisethwe ukuthi ziqale ukusebenzisa uphethiloli, zishintshele kugesi ngemva kwesikhashana futhi zibuyele kuphethiloli lapho igesi izophela. Ngakho-ke imoto izosebenza ku-LPG isikhathi esiningi.

Umehluko phakathi kwe-LPG ne-CNG
I-athikili ehlobene:
Izimoto ezine-LPG ne-CNG ngo-2022: umehluko nezintengo
CNG refueling
I-athikili ehlobene:
Yini i-CNG

Ukusebenza kwemoto ye-LPG

I-LPG inenzuzo esuka kumakhilomitha amangaki ngonyaka

Ukuthola ukuthi imali eyengeziwe yohlelo lwe-LPG ikufanele yini, a inani lamakhilomitha ahanjwa ngonyaka. Ngokujwayelekile 15.000 noma 20.000. Noma kunjalo, le ndlela iyadukisa ngandlela thize, njengoba umuntu owenza u-10.000 km kuphela ngonyaka angathola inzuzo. Umehluko kuphela ukuthi kuzothatha isikhathi eside ukubuyisela ukutshalwa kwezimali.

Ngezansi sikushiyela eyodwa wokubala ongabona ngakho ngokucacile ukubala, kodwa uma ungafuni ukungcolisa izinombolo, sikushiyela izibonelo ezithile, nezintengo ezimaphakathi zikaphethiloli ne-LPG namuhla (ama-euro angu-1,342 nama-euro angu-0,728 ngokulandelana).

Imoto ehlanganisa ukusetshenziswa kukaphethiloli 6,5l/100km iguqulelwe ku-LPG ngu I-2.000 euro. Umnikazi wayo uhamba ngezinyawo 20.000 km ngonyaka naye, kanjalo buyisela utshalomali eminyakeni emi-3. Ukube ngahamba 10.000 km ngonyaka, nami bengizogcina ngiyitholile imali, kodwa kuzothatha iminyaka engu-6.

Ithangi le-LPG

Ngendlela efanayo, lapho imoto idla kakhulu, ukutshalwa kwezimali kuzosheshe kutholakale. Uma udla 10l/100km, kuzothatha iminyaka emi-2 kuphela ukubuyisela lokho kutshalwa kwezimali okufanayo, nge-20.000 km ngonyaka, noma iminyaka emine uma ihamba amakhilomitha angu-4 kuphela.

Isigamu senani we uphethiloli namuhla eSpain*

Isigamu senani i-del GLP namuhla eSpain*

*: Ungakwazi ukuhlunga ngesifundazwe.

Ingabe i-LPG ikufanele?

Ngaphezu kokulondoloza imali okungalethwa yi-LPG, kukhona Olunye uchungechunge lwezinto okufanele zihlolwe ukwenza isinqumo esifanele. Ngalokhu senze a uhlu of the izinzuzo y nebubi onemoto ephehlwa yile gesi, ephuma efemini noma ngoguquko olulandelayo.

buhle

  • Ezomnotho: imali yokonga eshiwo ngenhla uma yenziwe ngendlela efanele.
  • Ezemvelo: ikhipha i-CO15 ngo-2% naphakathi kuka-70% no-90% ngaphansi kwe-NOX. Lezi zamuva ngamagesi ayingozi alethe umsila omningi namacala okukopela ekuhlolweni kwe-emissions njenge- i-dieselgate.
  • Isitika se-ECO: imoto izoba nelungelo lesitifiketi semvelo sohlobo lwe-ECO, ngakho-ke izoba nezinzuzo ezimbalwa. Phakathi kwazo kukhona izaphulelo izindawo zokupaka ezilawulwayo.
  • Ukugqokwa okuncane: bonke oomakhenikha okukhulunywe nabo babonise ukuthi izimoto ezisebenza nge-LPG zingcolisa injini kancane futhi zisebenzisa uwoyela omncane.

I-Contras

  • Itrunk encane noma alikho isondo. Kuye ngokuthi ithangi le-LPG libekwe kuphi, izinto ezimbili zingenzeka: noma ingxenye ye-trunk ilahlekile ngoba itholakala lapho (izikhathi ezimbalwa) noma isondo eliyisipele liyalahleka ngenxa yokuthi isilinda esimise okwe-toroidal sibekwe endaweni yaso. Lesi sigameko sokugcina sivame kakhulu namuhla, njengoba amathayi esimanje amelana kakhulu kunangaphambili.
  • Amagalaji kaphethiloli ambalwa ane-LPG: Nakuba amaphampu alolu hlobo lukaphethiloli anda kule minyaka eyishumi edlule, kufanele sicabangele uma sizoba nawo eduze. Ngalokhu sikushiyela le mephu lapho ungabona khona ukuthi eseduze ikuphi:

Iseluleko sokunquma nge-LPG noma cha

Amathiphu we-LPG

    • Sebenzisa umshini wokubala onawo ngenhla. Ngale ndlela uzokwazi ukuthi kuwufanele yini ukutshalwa kwezimali. Mayelana nezimoto ezintsha kuyohlale kunenzuzo ngaphandle kwamakhilomitha aphansi kakhulu onyaka noma uma imoto isheshe yathatha umhlalaphansi.
    • Bheka imephu yamagalaji kaphethiloli ane-LPG. Kufanele okungenani ube neyodwa eduze emizileni yakho evamile. Isibonelo, ohambweni lwansuku zonke oluya emsebenzini noma ohambweni olude oluya edolobheni lakini nganoma yisiphi esinye isizathu. Umuntu ohlala e-Barcelona noma eMadrid akavamile ukuba nenkinga, kodwa izinto zingashintsha uma uhlala edolobheni elikude.
  • Naka ukuzimela ozoba nakho usebenzisa i-LPG. Isibonelo, ngethangi le-toroidal elitholakala kahle esondweni eliyisipele, cishe amalitha angama-33 womthamo angafinyelelwa. Ngokusebenzisa amalitha angu-7,5 e-LPG njalo ngebanga lika-100 km uzoba nebanga elilinganiselwa ku-400 km. Uma ufuna ukwazi ukuthi imoto yakho ingadla i-LPG engakanani, ukulinganiselwa okuhle kungaba ukufaka u-15% kumalitha kaphethiloli evame ukuwusebenzisa. Isibonelo: uma idla amalitha angu-8,7 kaphethiloli ka-100 km izodla amalitha angu-10/100 wegesi kanti ukuzibusa kuzoba ngu-300 km.
I-Ecology iya ngokuya ibaluleke kakhulu, okungenani kwezokuphatha nemikhiqizo. Nakuba udizili awukwazi ukushintshwa ukuze usebenzise i-LPG, bakwazile ukuhlonipha kakhulu imvelo ngenxa ye I-Adblue.

Linganisela imoto yakho mahhala ngomzuzu ongu-1 ➜

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Fernando kusho

    Isihloko esihle kakhulu !! Ngichithe izinsuku ezimbalwa ngicabanga ngokungeza lolu hlelo emotweni yami (i-Opel Astra 1.4 essentia kusukela ngo-2008) hhayi nje ukuthola isitikha se-ECO, ngoba ngihlala phakathi kuka-M30 eMadrid futhi imithetho emisha ingase ingivimbele ekuhambiseni imoto yami iqhubeke. usuku lwedayari; kodwa futhi nokwandisa ukuzimela kwayo.