Kungani izimoto zikagesi zingenawo u-gearbox?

gearbox

I-Los izimoto zikagesi Anezici ezithakazelisa kakhulu, nezinguquko ezibalulekile uma ziqhathaniswa nalezo ezinokuvutha kwangaphakathi. Hhayi ngenxa yohlobo lwenjini noma umthombo wamandla abawusebenzisayo kuphela, kukhona nezinye izinguquko ezifana nokungabi bikho kuka-gearbox.

Kungenxa yalesi sizathu ukuthi Umbuzo ovame ukubuzwa ukuthi kungani izimoto zikagesi zingenawo ama-transmission. Lokhu kunemiphumela yako, emihle nemibi, njengoba sizobona...

Yize izimoto eziningi ezisebenza ngogesi zingenawo u-gearbox, kukhona okuhlukile. Ezinye izimoto zikagesi ezisebenza kahle kakhulu njengeTesla Roadster, zino-gearbox onamagiya amabili ukuze zikwazi ukugijima ngesivinini esiphezulu. Yebo, ama-hybrids kanye namaFomula nawo anakho.

Izizathu zokungabi bikho kwe-gearbox

Toyota TNGA Platform

I-Las izizathu zokuthi kungani lezi zimoto zikagesi zingenawo ugesi noma u-gearbox okuvamile kungenxa yezizathu eziningana, njenge:

  • I-torque ye-motor eqhubekayo: Esinye sezizathu eziyinhloko zokuthi kungani izimoto zikagesi zingakudingi ukudluliselwa yitorque engaguquki ehlinzekwa yizinjini zabo zikagesi. Kusukela ngesikhathi i-motor kagesi iqala ukusebenza, iletha i-torque engaguquki. Lokhu kusho ukuthi ingaletha inani elikhulu lamandla ngisho nakuma-revs aphansi, iqede isidingo sokudlulisela ukulungisa ukulethwa kwamandla kancane kancane. Ngokulawula ugesi ohlinzekwa kumamotho, isivinini kanye ne-torque yalawa ma-motor kungashintshwa, futhi awadingi amabhokisi afana nalawo ajwayelekile.
  • Isivinini esiphezulu: Esinye isizathu esenza ukuthi izimoto zikagesi zingabi nawo amandla okugijima ngesivinini esiphezulu kakhulu. Amamotho amaningi kagesi angasebenza ngesivinini esingafika ku-10.000 RPM noma ngisho nangaphezulu, njengoba awancikile ejubaneni lokuqhuma njengasezinjinini ezivuthayo, kodwa asekelwe kwezinye izakhiwo zikagesi njengezizinda ze-electromagnetic. Lokhu kusho ukuthi isethi yamagiya ayidingekile ukufeza isivinini esikhulu ezimotweni zikagesi.

Nakuba izimoto zikagesi zinemikhawulo mayelana nokuzimela, amandla, njll., iqiniso liwukuthi zinamakhono injini evuthayo engenakuphupha ngawo, njengejubane lokulethwa kwamandla, indlela yokuzilawula, njll.

Izinzuzo zezimoto zikagesi ngaphandle kokudluliselwa

Manje njengoba sewazi ukuthi kungani izimoto zikagesi zingenawo ugesi, ake sibone izinzuzo zokungabikho yale ngxenye:

  • Ukusebenza kahle okukhulu: Inzuzo yokuqala esizoyibalula ukuthi izimoto zikagesi ezingenawo ugesi zisebenza kahle kakhulu uma ziqhathaniswa nezimoto ezivuthayo zangaphakathi. Ukuhanjiswa ezimotweni ezijwayelekile kuyizici zemishini ezethula ukulahleka kwamandla ngenxa yokungqubuzana, ukubambezeleka kwenqubo yokuzibandakanya, njll. Ngokuqeda isidingo sokudluliswa, izimoto zikagesi zingakwazi ukonga amandla. Lokhu kusho ukuthi bangawasebenzisa ngokugcwele amandla abo kagesi futhi bahambe amakhilomitha amaningi ngenani likagesi elifanayo. Ukusebenza kahle kwezimoto zikagesi kunomthelela ekushayeleni ukonga nokuluhlaza, okubaluleke kakhulu ngesikhathi lapho ukusimama kuyinkinga enkulu.
  • Isisindo esiphansi: Ukungabikho kwe-transmission noma i-gearbox kubangela ukuncipha kwesisindo ezimotweni ezisebenza ngogesi. Izinto ezidluliswayo ziyizinsimbi ezisindayo ezengeza isisindo esengeziwe emotweni. Ngokuqeda le ngxenye, ziba lula futhi ngenxa yalokho zisebenza kahle ekusetshenzisweni kwamandla. Ngalo mqondo, imoto elula ingasheshisa futhi ibe nokusebenza kangcono mayelana nokusetshenziswa kwamandla. Lokhu kuhumusha isipiliyoni sokushayela esishesha kakhulu nesisebenza kahle. Ukunciphisa isisindo nakho kunomthelela omuhle ezinhlobonhlobo zezimoto zikagesi, njengoba imoto elula idla amandla amancane ukuze ihambe. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ngokugwema lesi sici, ungashiya isikhala esiningi samabhethri, isibonelo.
  • Isondlo esincane: Lezi zinhlobo zezimoto zinenzuzo mayelana nokunakekelwa. Izinto ezidluliswayo ziyizingxenye zemishini ezidinga ukulungiswa njalo. Njengoba zingenayo le ngxenye eyinkimbinkimbi, izimoto zikagesi zingadinga ukulungiswa okuncane, okunciphisa izindleko kanye nesidingo sokuvakashela i-workshop njalo, okungukuthi, banokwethenjelwa okwengeziwe. Ukulungiswa okuncane kuphinde kuhumushele ukuqina isikhathi eside kwezimoto zikagesi, okungazenza zibe inketho ekhangayo ngokuhamba kwesikhathi.

Linganisela imoto yakho mahhala ngomzuzu ongu-1 ➜

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.