Amabhethri ombuso aqinile wezimoto zikagesi: ayini?

amabhethri wombuso oqinile

I-Los plug-in izimoto zikagesi Sebeqalile ukusebenzisa obunye bobuchwepheshe bebhethri obungcono kakhulu obuvele bukhona, njengamabhethri e-lithium-ion asevele esetshenziswa emhlabeni we-electronics ngobuningi bamadivayisi. Kodwa-ke, manje, abakhiqizi abaningi bahlakulela ubuchwepheshe obusha obunciphisa isisindo nevolumu, ngenkathi benweba ukuzimela. Ngibhekise kumabhethri esimo esiqinile.

I-Las amabhethri wombuso oqinile ngoba izimoto ziwubuchwepheshe obusathuthuka obufuna ukuguqula umhlaba wezimoto zikagesi. Ngokungafani namabhethri e-lithium-ion esiwasebenzisayo njengamanje, asebenzisa i-electrolyte ewuketshezi, amabhethri esimo esiqinile asebenzisa eliqinile, eliletha izinzuzo ezimbalwa...

Izinzuzo kanye nokubi amabhethri esimo esiqinile

phakathi izinzuzo Esinakho kulolu hlobo lwamabhethri esimo esiqinile kufanele sikugqamise:

  • Ukuzimela okukhulu nezikhathi zokushaja ngokushesha- I-electrolyte eqinile ivumela ukusetshenziswa kwe-lithium metal anode ehlanzekile, ukugcina amandla amaningi. Ama-dendrites, okuyizakhiwo ezakha kumabhethri e-lithium-ion futhi angabangela amasekhethi amafushane futhi anciphise ukuphila okuwusizo, ayasuswa. Lokhu kuvumela ukushajwa okusheshayo nokuphephile, ukukwazi ukushajwa kabusha ibhethri emizuzwini embalwa.
  • Ukuphepha okukhulu: Njengoba iqinile, i-electrolyte ayivuthi, okunciphisa kakhulu ingozi yomlilo. Asebenza emazingeni okushisa aphansi, okuwenza azinze.
  • Okuhlala isikhathi eside: Amabhethri esimo esiqinile awehli ngokuhamba kwesikhathi ngokushesha njengamabhethri e-lithium-ion, futhi angahlala iminyaka eminingi eyengeziwe. Ukwengeza, basebenza kahle kakhulu ezindaweni ezishisayo, ezishisayo nezibandayo.
  • Ilula futhi ihlangene: njengoba bengadingi i-casing ukuze baqukathe i-electrolyte ewuketshezi, banesisindo esincane futhi bathatha isikhala esincane.

Nokho, kukhona nezinselele okumelwe zinqotshwe, akuzona zonke izinzuzo. Singagqamisa futhi Okunye ukungalungi like:

  • Coste: Amabhethri esimo esiqinile abiza kakhulu ukukhiqiza kunamabhethri e-lithium-ion.
  • Ukukhiqiza: Inqubo yokukhiqiza iyinkimbinkimbi futhi idinga imishini ekhethekile.
  • Ukusebenzisa kabusha: Indlela ephumelelayo yokuwasebenzisa kabusha ayikasungulwa.

Intshisekelo yemboni

Naphezu kwalezi zinselelo, i imboni yezimoto itshala imali eningi ekuthuthukisweni kwalobu buchwepheshe, futhi amabhethri esimo esiqinile kulindeleke ukuthi aqale ukuhweba ngezinga elikhulu eminyakeni ezayo. Ezinye izinkampani ezisebenza kulobu buchwepheshe yilezi:

  • Toyota: Umkhiqizo waseJapan umemezele ukuthi uhlela ukwethula imoto yokuqala kagesi ngebhethri yesimo esiqinile ngo-2025, futhi kulokhu inomlingani onjengePanasonic.
  • I-QuantumScape: isiqalisi saseMelika esithuthukise ibhethri lesimo esiqinile esebenzisa i-electrolyte eqinile esekwe kwi-lithium, futhi lokho kungase kuthembise kulolu hlobo lwezinhlelo zokusebenza. Omunye wabalingani bayo yiKorea Hyundai, ehlinzekele le nkampani utshalomali ukuze kuthuthukiswe isisekelo sekusasa layo likagesi.
  • Amandla aqinile: Esinye isiqalo saseMelika esakha ibhethri lesimo esiqinile nge-electrolyte eqinile esekwe kwisulphur. Amanye amabhrendi afana ne-BMW ne-Ford asayine izivumelwano kule ndawo zokuthuthukiswa kwamaseli amabhethri esimo esiqinile esizayo.
  • MG: Lolu hlobo lwesiShayina lwethule i-IM L6, i-SUV kagesi ezoba ngeyokuqala e-Europe ukunikeza okuhlukile ngebhethri lesimo esiqinile. Lokhu okuhlukile kuzoba nebanga lika-1.000 km.
  • I-NIO: Le enye inkampani yaseShayina nayo isebenzela ukuthuthukiswa kwamabhethri aqinile. Sebezenzile izivivinyo ngamabhethri e-State-solid state futhi bahlela ukwethula imoto kagesi ngalobu buchwepheshe eminyakeni ezayo.
  • I-Stellantis: Iqembu labazali bakwaFiat, Peugeot kanye neCitroën bamemezele ukuthi bazotshala ama-euro ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-32.000 ekufakeni ugesi. Ingxenye yalolu tshalomali izoya ekuthuthukisweni kwamabhethri e-solid-state.
  • I-Renault: igala isebenza ne-CEA (Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives) ukuthuthukisa amabhethri esimo esiqinile.

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Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.