Izimoto zikagesi: lokho abangakaze bakutshele khona mayelana nezimoto zikagesi kanye nokukhwabanisa kwe-ECO

izimoto zikagesi, imoto kagesi

Izimoto zikagesi angizithandi, kuyiqiniso ukuthi lezi izimoto zikagesi Bangaba nokusabela okushesha kakhulu, nezinye izinzuzo eziningi, njengokungakhiphi. Kodwa-ke, ngombono wami othobekile akulona ikusasa, ngaphandle uma ibhethri elizinzile ngempela lifinyelelwa, ngoba amabhethri e-lithium, ukuthola amaminerali kanye nokukhiqizwa kwamabhethri, awahambisani neze nemvelo.

Kodwa-ke, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi siyathanda noma singathandi, amayunithi kagesi aphelele ayathengiswa, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi i-plug-in, i-hybrid noma iseli likaphethiloli. Futhi kuyadingeka ukwazi ukuthi kuyini i-panorama yangempela lobu buchwepheshe, njengoba mhlawumbe bengakutshelanga ukuphela kwendaba, futhi akupheli "ukujabula nokudla ama-partridges" kulokhu. Futhi, ngizolungisa kancane kwezombusazwe noma ngiphikisane nalokho abaningi abangakucabanga ngalezi zimoto, njengoba bedlala ngawe futhi kufanele sikutshele ...

U-65% wokudayiswa kwezimoto emhlabeni wonke ngo-2030 kulindeleke ukuthi ube ngogesi. Ukwenza lokhu, ukuthengiswa kwalezi zimoto kufanele kunyuke ngo-25% unyaka ngamunye kusukela ngo-2023 kuya ku-2030, futhi kubonakala kukhombisa ukuthi konke kuhamba ngaleyo ndlela, njengoba ukwanda kokudayiswa kwalezi zinjini kuqhathaniswa no-2021 no-2022 kumele U-55% ngonyaka... Okufanayo kuzokwenzeka kwezinye izimoto, njengezimoto ezinzima, nakuba kulokhu ukutholwa kuhamba kancane kakhulu.

I-panorama yamanje: izinhlobo zezimoto zikagesi

Isokhethi yokushaja imoto kagesi

Empeleni sinakho ubuchwepheshe obuhlukahlukene ugesi noma i-hybrid ongakhetha kuyo, njenge:

  • Izimoto zikagesi zebhethri: Lezi zimoto zisebenza ngogesi ngokuphelele futhi zisebenza ngokukhethekile kugesi ogcinwe kumabhethri, akhiqizwa kusetshenziswa ubuchwepheshe obusekelwe kwi-lithium. Azinayo injini yomlilo yangaphakathi futhi azikhiqizi i-exhaust emissions. Lezi zimoto ezisebenza ngogesi zaziwa nangokuthi yizimoto ezixhunywayo. Izibonelo zalolu hlobo lwemoto iTesla Model 3, Toyota bZ4X, kanye neNissan Leaf.
  • Izimoto zeHybrid: Izimoto eziyingxubevange zihlanganisa injini evuthayo yangaphakathi (imvamisa yokuhamba kancane) enenjini kagesi. Angasebenzisa ugesi, uphethiloli, noma inhlanganisela yakho kokubili. Ama-Hybrid ngokuvamile awaxhunywanga ukuze ashaje amabhethri, njengoba ugesi ukhiqizwa ngamabhuleki okuvuselelayo nokushajwa kwenjini evuthayo. Ngokuvamile, ezindaweni zasemadolobheni ungasebenzisa injini kagesi kuphela, ulondoloze ibhethri, kuyilapho uma amandla amakhulu edingeka usebenzisa inhlanganisela yakho kokubili. Amabhethri kulezi zimoto ngokuvamile amancane, ngaphandle kokuzimela okuningi, futhi ngokuvamile awasekelwe ku-lithium, kodwa angenziwa nge-nickel, nakuba maduzane amabhethri e-Li nawo amukelwa. Izibonelo zifaka iToyota Rav4, iPryus, neHonda Insight.
  • I-plug-in Hybrid– Ama-plug-in hybrids afana nama-hybrids avamile, kodwa anamabhethri amakhulu angashajwa ngokuwaxhuma emthonjeni kagesi. Angasebenza ngemodi kagesi wonke amabanga alinganiselwe ngaphambi kokujikela enjinini evuthayo, noma angasebenza nangezindlela ezihlanganisiwe. Izibonelo zifaka iChevrolet Volt kanye neFord Fusion Energi.
  • I-Fuel Cell: Ungadidwa amagama azo, lezi zimoto zisebenzisa i-hydrogen fuel cell ukukhiqiza ugesi oshayela imoto kagesi, okusho ukuthi, uhlobo lwebhethri elisebenzisa i-hydrogen esikhundleni se-lithium, kodwa kusafanele lishintshwe ukuhamba kwesikhathi njenge-lithium, futhi kubandakanya nokusetshenziswa kwezakhi ezithile ezingqubuzana nemvelo. Izibonelo zifaka iToyota Mirai kanye neHyundai Nexo.

Nokho, njengoba sibona, kuzo zonke izimo sinamabhethri, okuyiwona inkinga yangempela zalezi zimoto. Kuyiqiniso ukuthi banokukhipha kwe-CO0 ku-2 esimweni sezimoto zikagesi ezingu-100%, noma ukukhishwa okuphansi uma kwenzeka kuma-hybrids. Kodwa kwenzekani lapho kukhiqizwa lawa mabhethri? Okusho ukuthi, ekugcineni sidlulisela inkinga yemvelo emadolobheni nasemigwaqweni iye ezindaweni zokukhiqiza...

Ama-Biofuels, ikhambi?

Abaningi bazocabanga lokho ama-biofuels Angaba yisixazululo, njengoba ukusetshenziswa kwamabhethri kungagwenywa futhi kuzuze ubuchwepheshe bamanje benjini ye-Otto ne-Diesel ukusebenzisa lawa mafutha emvelo engeziwe. Kodwa kuvele ukuthi i-greener iyingxenye yokumaketha yalabo abazama ukukudayisela lezi zimoto. Ngemuva kwale lebula ye-ECO kukhona nezinkinga ezinkulu, enye yazo ukuthi ukukhishwa kwegesi akugwenywa. Kodwa kukhona okwengeziwe, nokuthi lawa mafutha, esikhundleni sokuphuma ku-petroleum, atholakala kakhulu emafutheni emifino.

Lezi uwoyela wemifino Azitholakali ncamashi entweni, aziveli ngqo kumaphampu. Kufanele zitshalwe, ngoba zitholakala kokunye okusanhlamvu okunjengommbila, ukolweni, umoba, njll. Futhi, madoda! Sinezigidigidi zabantu emhlabeni ababulawa indlala, futhi ukusebenzisa lawa ma-biofuels kusho ukusebenzisa izindawo zezitshalo kule njongo enye, noma ukugawula amahlathi amakhulu ukuze kwakhiwe amasimu ezitshalo ezintsha... Nakulokhu siphinde sihlangabezane nokuhlola okwenzekayo.

En Ngombono wami othobekile, enye indlela engcono kakhulu izimoto ezivuthayo zangaphakathi ezisekelwe ku-hydrogen eluhlaza, lapho ubuchwepheshe bamanje bokuhamba ngezimoto bungasetshenziswa khona futhi lokho abakukhiqizayo ngokuyisisekelo kungamanzi, akhipha cishe u-0. Ngaphezu kwalokho, inguphethiloli omningi kakhulu, futhi ingatholakala emanzini (ngokwesibonelo kusukela olwandle). Ngokuyisisekelo ihlukanisa i-H20 ngokusebenzisa i-electrolysis, i-H2 ngakolunye uhlangothi kanye ne-O2 kolunye, bese ingaphakathi enjini ihlanganise ukuze ikhiqize ukuqhuma futhi inyakaze amasilinda, iphinde ikhiqize i-H2O...

Imvelo namabhethri

ibhethri yemoto kagesi

Amabhethri e-lithium, naphezu kokuba ubuchwepheshe obuyisisekelo bokuhamba kukagesi ukuze kuncishiswe ukukhishwa kwekhabhoni, beka ezinye izinkinga zemvelo kanye nezinselelo okufanele zixazululwe uma lezi zimoto zikagesi zizoba yikusasa ngempela. Futhi lezi zinkinga ziyanda njengoba izimoto ezisebenza ngogesi zikhula ziba zinkulu, zikhiqiza amabhethri amaningi kuma-megafactory ezimoto ezintsha kanye nezishintshayo lapho kudingekile. Lezi zinkinga engikhuluma ngazo yilezi:

  • Ukukhishwa kwe-Lithium: Ukukhiqizwa kwamabhethri e-lithium kuhilela ukukhishwa kwamaminerali afana ne-lithium. Ukumba lezi zinto kungabangela umonakalo omkhulu wendawo ezungezile, njengokucekelwa phansi komhlaba, ukungcoliswa kwamanzi, ukusetshenziswa kwamandla aphezulu, nokucekelwa phansi kwezindawo zemvelo. Ikakhulukazi, i-lithium idinga amachibi okuhwamuka afana nalawo asezitolo futhi asebenzisa amanzi amaningi, ikakhulukazi amalitha ayizigidi ezingama-21 ngosuku, noma ngamanye amazwi, amalitha ayi-2.200.000 amanzi okuphuza ukukhiqiza i-1T ye-lithium kuphela. I-1000 kg yale mineral. Yenza izibalo... uma ibhethri ngalinye emotweni kagesi lisebenzisa amagremu angu-160 kuwo wonke amandla angu-1kW... Amalitha amaningi kakhulu amanzi ngenxa yokushoda esinakho, akunjalo?
  • amanye amaminerali: Ngakolunye uhlangothi, amaminerali afana ne-cobalt, i-nickel, amanye avela ku-coltan, njll. nawo ayadingeka kulezi zimoto. Eziningi zalezi zimbiwa zitholakala emithanjeni emazweni ampofu kakhulu, njengalawo ase-Afrika, njengaseCongo. Lapho, kusetshenziswa izingane ukuze kukhishwe lezi zimbiwa phansi, futhi kuba nezimpi ngale minerali ezigcina ziyingcolise ngegazi. Kodwa-ke, uGreta Thunberg ukhetha ukuhamba ngeyodwa yalezi zimoto futhi athi: "Ubuntwana bami buntshontshiwe." Kanti lezi zingane azigetshengwa yini?
  • Ukusebenzisa kabusha: Njengoba kwenzeka ngomakhalekhukhwini wakho, ibhethri kulezi zimoto alihlali unomphela, futhi liyancipha ngomjikelezo ngamunye wokushaja/wokukhipha, ngakho-ke kuzofika isikhathi lapho ukuzimela kwehla kakhulu futhi kuzodingeka ukuthi uyishintshe. Nakuba amabhethri e-lithium egaywa kabusha, ukugaywa kabusha kwebhethri enkulu kuseyinselelo. Ukushoda kwezinhlelo ezisebenzayo zokuqoqa kanye nokugaywa kabusha kusho ukuthi amabhethri amaningi agcina egcwele izindawo zokulahla imfucumfucu, ezingakhulula izinto ezinobuthi nezinsimbi ezinzima endaweni ezungezile, ikakhulukazi inhlabathi nezindawo zasemanzini.
  • Imfucuza kagesi: Yiqiniso, ukwanda kobuchwepheshe kagesi kanye ne-elekthronikhi kwandisa i-e-waste noma imfucuza ye-elekthronikhi, okunzima ukuyibuyisela kabusha futhi okuthi, uma ilawulwa ngendlela engafanele, ingakwazi ukukhiqiza ukungcola kanye nomthelela omubi kwemvelo, njengoba iqukethe amakhemikhali amaningi anobuthi, izinsimbi, ezinzima. , njll., kuyingozi ezilwaneni, ezimila nakithi.

Futhi konke lokhu kukwenza ukholelwe ukuthi iyimoto yesikhathi esizayo, ehlonipha imvelo futhi ikukhokhisa inani elibiza kakhulu uma kuqhathaniswa nalabo abanezimoto ezijwayelekile... Kumele kushiwo ngokucacile, ngisho noma abanikazi abaningi bezimoto zikagesi bengakwenzi. ngiyayithanda.

Isiphetho

El Ikusasa lezimoto zikagesi, ngokuphambene nalokho abaningi abakushoyo, alithokozisi futhi alithembisi. ngaphandle uma zonke lezi zinkinga engizibalile zingaxazululeki. Ngakho-ke, uma uhlela ukuthenga imoto, ngincoma ukuthi uthenge imoto evuthayo kaphethiloli ngokusetshenziswa okuphansi kakhulu, ngoba ngesizathu esithile engingaziwa, izimoto ezivuthayo ze-hydrogen eziluhlaza azikhuthazwa, futhi nobuchwepheshe abuthuthukisiwe. ubuchwepheshe obudingekayo noma ingqalasizinda. Mhlawumbe indawo yokwamukela izivakashi entsha ye-lithium njengalena enamafutha? Angazi, kodwa ngicabanga ukuthi abasibheki isixazululo esihle ngempela, isiqephu esingase sibe nzima ukushintsha umqondo wabo futhi eminyakeni ezayo. Okungukuthi, sebenzisa imali futhi (okuyinto emayelana nayo) futhi uthenge obunye ubuchwepheshe be-ECO. Ingabe kuzoba yi-ECO ngempela noma kuzoba njalo Ukuphelelwa yisikhathi kwe-ECPlanned?


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.