Amafuse emoto: umsebenzi, lapho akhona, izinhlobo kanye nendlela yokuwabheka

Amafuse emoto noma ezinye izimoto

I-Los ama-fuse wemoto ukuvimbela umonakalo kumasekhethi noma kwezinye izingxenye zikagesi. Ezimweni ezimbi kakhulu, baze bakhonze ukuvimbela imoto ukuthi ingashi ngenxa yenkinga kagesi.

Ukubaluleka kwayo kunjalo, ukuthi amamanyuwali abasebenzisi bemoto anomdwebo nendawo kanye nomsebenzi wayo. Ngale ndlela sonke singavula ibhokisi le-fuse futhi senze imisebenzi engadingi ulwazi olujulile lwe-electronics noma mechanics.

umsebenzi wamafuse emoto

Fuse ngefilament eveziwe

Ama-fuses asetshenziselwa phazamisa umsinga uma ifinyelela ku-amperage eyingozi. Ngaleyondlela vimbela ukulimala kwezinye izinhlelo zemoto ukuthi ngeke bamelane namandla angaka amanje.

Ngaphakathi kwamafusi emoto kukhona u-a umcu noma ishidi eyenziwe nge-cadmium, ithini, noma i-lead engokoqobo liyancibilika lapho umfutho we yamanje idlula umkhawulo we fuse. Yingakho kuthiwa: "i-fuse iqhume" yalokhu noma leyo divayisi.

lezi fuse ziyingxenye yesekethe kagesi bayavikela. Isibonelo, umjikelezo onika amandla amalambu emoto. Uma leyo seyingi isebenza ezingeni elithile le-amp, i-fuse evikela uhlelo has a ukumelana okuphakeme kancane, kodwa ngaphansi kwama-amps angalimaza izingxenye zesekethe. Into evamile ngamalambu ukuthi iyifuse engu-10 Amp (10 A).

aphi amafusi emoto

Ungakwazi njalo ukubonisana nayo encwadini yemoto, kodwa amasayithi avame kakhulu lapho amabhokisi e-fuse atholakala khona:

  • ihood yemoto. Ngokuvamile bangaphakathi injini gumbi eduze kwebhethri. Ngokuvamile ekhoneni eliphezulu kwesokudla.
  • Ohlangothini lwesobunxele lwedeshibhodi. Okujwayele ukufinyeleleka kalula kuyona nesicabha somshayeli sivuliwe.
  • ngaphansi kwesiteringi. Kuphakathi kwesokunxele noma kwesokudla.
  • ebhokisini lamagilavu. Lokho ngokujwayelekile kufanele ukhiphe i-drawer ngoba bangemuva.
  • Ku-centre console noma kumhubhe ophakathi. Okudingekile ngokujwayelekile ukususa i-trim noma imbobo yezinto.
  • esiqwini. Nakuba lokhu kuyivelakancane kunezinye izindawo.

I-Caja de fusibles

I-athikili ehlobene:
Yazi ibhethri lemoto yakho

Ungawahlola kanjani futhi uwashintshe kanjani amafuse emoto

Kuyinto elula kakhulu ukuhlinzwa. Okuwukuphela kwento okufanele ube nayo ama-fuse gcina futhi a i-clamp encane evamise ukuza namafuse noma emotweni uqobo. Izinyathelo yilezi ezilandelayo:

  • Thola ama-fuse box(ama) ngemanuwali noma ngokubheka ezindaweni esizikhombisile.
  • acime imoto bese ulinda ukuthi konke kunqamuke.
  • vula ibhokisi le-fuse, evamise ukuvalwa ngamathebhu noma ukucindezela.
  • Thola i-fuse eshaywayo usebenzisa incwadi yemoto. Uzothola umdwebo obonisa ukuthi i-fuse ngayinye ngeyani. Kuvamile futhi ukuyithola kukhava yebhokisi le-fuse. Hlola ukuthi i-filament iphukile yini. Uma kunjalo kuyodingeka ishintshwe. Ungahlola futhi ukuthi ishaywa yini ngokuthinta izintuba ezimbili ezincane nge- isibani sokuhlola. Kufanele kukhanye lapho uthinta ngayinye.
  • Khipha i-fuse ngamapulangwe futhi beka entsha. Kufanele ibe yohlobo olufanayo futhi isekele i-amperage efanayo.

Qaphela: kuwumsebenzi olula kakhulu futhi ophephile, kodwa njengenhlalayenza, sincoma amagilavu ​​okuvikelayo.

Ungawabheka kanjani ama-fuse ashaywe umoya

Kungani amafuse emoto eqhuma?

Amafusi ezimoto aqhuma ngezizathu ezimbili: a umjikelezo omfishane noma a ukulayisha ngokweqile. Ngenhlanhla i-fuse ivikele uhlelo oluhilelekile ukuze kungabikho okunye okonakele. Isibonelo: izintambo, izibani, amawipha omoya, isitiriyo, i i-Starter motor, njll. Sizochaza ukuthi lezi zimbangela ezimbili zisho ukuthini ukuthi i-fuse iqhume:

  • Isifunda esifushane: ukuxhumana ngengozi phakathi kwezintambo ze-polarity ezahlukene. Okufana nse nokuhlanganisa izigxobo zebhethri nezinsimbi (isithombe esingezansi). Lokhu kubonisa ukuthi kunephutha ekufakweni kwensimbi, njengekhebula eliphukile noma ukuthi amanzi angena lapho kungafanele khona. Uma i-fuse ingavuthi, ingabangela umonakalo omkhulu noma ngisho nomlilo.
  • Gcwalisa ngokweqile: Lokhu kusho ukuthi kusetshenziswe isikhathi esiningi kunalokho obekulindelwe. Njengoba isekethe yakhelwe ukuba ibe namandla aphezulu, izintambo zingasha noma ezinye izinto zokusebenza zilimale. I-fuse ishaya ukugwema ukufinyelela kulawo maqili.

Amafuse avimbela amasekhethi amafushane ekudaleni ukuwohloka okukhulu ngisho nokusha kwezimoto

Ingabe kufanele ngishintshe i-fuse yemoto eshaywayo?

Njengoba sesikutshelile, uma i-fuse ivuthele ngenxa yesifunda esifushane noma ukugcwala ngokweqile. Izimo ezimbili ezixwayisa ngalokho kukhona iphutha likagesi emotweni. Manje lokhu kungaba:

  • iphutha lesimo: Ukushintsha i-fuse kuzolungisa inkinga uma iphutha lingasekho. Isibonelo: uhlanze injini yemoto ngendlela engafanele futhi amanzi angena lapho kungafanele khona. Ngethemba ukuthi uma komile akusekho okufushane ngakho-ke i-fuse ngeke ivuthe futhi konke kuzobuyela esimeni.
  • Iphutha eliqhubekayo: ukushintsha i-fuse kuzosebenza kuphela ukushaya entsha, ngoba ukulayisha ngokweqile noma isifunda esifushane kusazoba khona. Ingase incibilike ngaso leso sikhathi noma ithathe isikhathi, kodwa ngokuvamile iyancibilika ngaphandle kokwelashwa. Isibonelo: izintambo ezingenalutho zenza isifunda esifushane noma isitiriyo esinamandla amakhulu sidala ukugcwala ngokweqile.

Ama-Fuse avimbela ukulimala okukhulu kumasekhethi emoto, ngakho akuwona umqondo omuhle ngaso sonke isikhathi ukuwashintsha.

Ividiyo yokuthi ungayihlanza kanjani injini yemoto
I-athikili ehlobene:
Indlela yokuhlanza injini yemoto: yini engenziwa futhi engenziwa (ividiyo)

Izinhlobo zamafuse ngokuya ngesimo

Kunezinhlobo ezahlukene zamafuse. ngokobukhulu bayo, ukuma, i-amperage. Ezimotweni zibonakala ngemibala nenombolo ekhombisa ukuqina kwayo. Kuyo yonke imoto sithola ibhokisi le-fuse esivalweni sayo sithola umdwebo obonisa uhlelo oluvikela i-fuse ngayinye.

Ama-Blade Fuses

I-Blade Type Fuse

wakhe okuvame kakhulu ezimotweni zethu. Njengoba ubona esithombeni, banengxenye yepulasitiki evikela ukuxhumana kanye ne-filament, kanye nokuzivumela ukuthi ziphathwe ngokunethezeka nangokuphepha. Njengoba ipulasitiki isobala, ungabheka ukuthi iyancibilika yini ngokuyikhipha futhi ubheke eceleni.

ngokobukhulu bayo Abizwa ngokuthi: mini, evamile, maxi noma giant. Ezakamuva nazo zivame ukubizwa nge-ANL futhi zingatholakala kumishini yomsindo enamandla kakhulu engezwe emotweni ngemva kwefekthri.

isondo uhlobo fuse

isondo uhlobo fuse

Lezi ziyi isikwele futhi ibe phezulu esobalae ukuze ukwazi ukubona ukuthi i-filament incibilike ngaphandle kokuyikhipha. Ngokuvamile zisetshenziswa kumasekhethi aphakathi nendawo naphezulu.

Zitholakala kakhulu ezimotweni zase-Asia nakuba ukusetshenziswa kwazo sekusabalele kweminye imikhiqizo. Ngokuvamile zinezixhumi zohlobo lwabantu besifazane, kodwa kukhona nezixhumi zohlobo lwabesilisa, ezivame ukugoqwa. Kodwa lokho kuvame kakhulu ku-high amperage, akuvamile ezimotweni ezivamile.

Isixhumanisi se-Fusible

isixhumanisi uhlobo fuse

Zimise okwepuleti ingxenye yohlobo lwewasha kanye nengxenye encane. Asetshenziswa kumasekhethi amakhulu njengezintambo ezisuka kubhethri ziye ku-alternator. Kuncike kumkhiqizi, kodwa into evamile ukuthi ahlukaniswa ngokwezinga esikhundleni se-amperage ukumelana nawo. Isibonelo, izokhombisa 6 AWG, 8 AWG, 10 AWG…

Njengakwezinye izinhlobo zamafuse, kubalulekile hlanganisa i-fuse yohlobo olufanayo nalolo esilushintshayo. Kodwa-ke, uma ungazi ukuthi iyiphi igeji okufanele uyiphathe, umthetho ojwayelekile ukubeka eyodwa enezinombolo zegeji engu-4 phezulu kunekhebula lesekhethi okungeyayo. Isibonelo, uma ikhebuli ingu-8 AWG, kuwumkhuba ojwayelekile ukufaka ifuse engu-12 AWG. Kodwa asikweluleki ukuthi uthinte lolu hlobo lwamasekhethi uma ungenalo ulwazi lwe-electromechanics. Kungcono ukuyise esitolo esinegama elihle.

uhlobo lwesilinda

AmaFuse Ohlobo Lwemigqomo

Akuvamile ukubathola ezimotweni eziphethe yonke into evela efemini, kodwa zikhona okujwayelekile kokulungiswa kamuva noma ukufakwa. Isibonelo imishini yomsindo noma amasistimu adinga ukunikezwa kwamandla okufanayo.

ngokuvamile hamba ibekwe ekugcineni kwezinye izintambo futhi ifakwe kukhathalogi ngezindlela ezimbili ngesikhathi esisodwa: i-amperage abayisekelayo kanye nenani elincane lekhebula ezingafakwa kulo.

i-alternator yemoto
I-athikili ehlobene:
I-Alternator: izingxenye, ukuthi isebenza kanjani, ukuthi ungayihlola kanjani

Izinhlobo zamaFuse ngokuya nge-amperage nemibala

Imibala ehambisana nama-amperages ayisekelayo

Okunye ukuhlukaniswa okufanele kwaziwe ukuhlukaniswa kwayo ngemibala nama-amperages. Ezimotweni, uzobathola ngemibala eminingi futhi ngayinye inokuxhumana ne-amperage ezisekelayo. Uhlobo lwe-blade olusetshenziswa ekusetshenzisweni kwezimoto luhlukaniswe:

  • Grey: 2A
  • Pinki: 3A
  • Okuwolintshi: 5A
  • Okumnyama: 7,5A
  • Okubomvu: 10A
  • Okuluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka: 15A
  • Okuphuzi: 20A
  • Okumhlophe: 25A
  • Okuhlaza: 30A
  • Okuluhlaza okumnyama: 35A
  • Okunsomi: 40A

Kungenzeka ukuthi uthole abanye abangakuhloniphinga lokhu kuhlukaniswa, kodwa kuzoba okuhlukile. Kukhona abakhiqizi abaningi abavela ezingxenyeni ezahlukene zomhlaba ukuthi ungase uthole iphethini ehlukile. Kodwa-ke, ukugwema noma yikuphi ukudideka, i-amperage nayo ibhalwe ku-fuse ngokwayo.

Eminye imisebenzi eyenziwa ngamafuse

Emotweni, ungaya nasebhokisini le-fuse uma ufuna. thola ukusetshenziswa okungavamile kwamanje. Okusho ukuthi, ibhethri yemoto isetshenziswa ngaphambi kwesikhathi uhlelo lwemoto oluqhubeka nokusebenzisa ugesi konke kucishiwe.

Kulula kakhulu nakuba kudinga ukubekezela okuthile uma inkinga ingatholakali kumafuse okuqala. Kumayelana nokuhamba ekhipha amafusi ngamunye ngamunye ngenkathi ikala ukusetshenziswa nge-multimeter. Kuvidiyo elandelayo ungabona ukuthi kwenziwa kanjani kuchazwe isinyathelo ngesinyathelo:

lapho ukuthenga amafuse emoto

Intengo yefuse iphansi kakhulu ngokuvikela okukhulu ekunikezayo. Ungawathenga endaweni ethile enkulu njenge empambana o Inkambu. Ngokwemvelo, futhi ezindaweni ezikhethekile ezifana UNorauto o feuvert futhi ngezinye izikhathi ku ULoyoy Merlin. Yebo futhi ku ukuthengiswa kwe-inthanethi imoto fuse nge Amazon noma amakhasi akhethekile.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-8, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

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