Umsindo wenjini obangelwa ama-hydraulic tappets

Umsindo wokuphakamisa i-hydraulic injini

Kujwayelekile ukuthi uma uvula imoto uzwe a umsindo ongajwayelekile oqhamuka enjinini. Lo msindo ungase ume ngemva kwemizuzwana embalwa, kodwa ngezinye izikhathi uhlala isikhathi eside. Nasezimeni ezimbi kakhulu ayipheli. Uma okunye kwalokhu kusebenza kuwe, enye yezimbangela ezivame kakhulu ompompi we-hydraulic. Abizwa nangokuthi ama-dumpers.

Lapho uqalisa imoto, umsindo okhiqizwa ama-tappets ngokuvamile u-a ukungqongqoza okubangelwa ukuntuleka kokuthambisa. Into evame kakhulu lapho injini ibanda, futhi lokho kuba kubi kakhulu uma ishiywe imile amasonto ambalwa (izinsuku kwezinye izinhlobo). I-lubricant idonsa kakhulu ku- sump futhi iphampu kawoyela namanje ayikayihambisi ize iyofika phezulu enjinini.

Kungakhathaleki imodeli onayo, umsindo okhiqizwa ama-tappets asebenza ngogesi akuvamile uma ihlala ngaphezu kwemizuzwana embalwa. Uma injini isifudumala kancane futhi izimpompi zigcwala uwoyela, umsindo kufanele uphele, futhi uma kungenjalo, ziningi izinto ezingase zidale inkinga.

Kungani ompompi be-hydraulic bezwakala?

i-tappet

Kukhona inombolo enkulu yezizathu kungani ompompi bamanzi enjini bebanga umsindo. sizokuchaza evame kakhulu zilawulwa kalula lapho zihlolwa khona. Ngoba ngeke kufane ukubukeza amafutha enjini, kunokuba uyithumele endaweni yokusebenzela ukuze ilungiswe, noma uze wehle ukuze usebenze ngokwakho, uma ungumshisekeli wobumakanika.

Ukuntuleka kwamafutha noma amafutha amaningi

Into yokuqala okufanele siyenze hlola izinga lamafutha ukuyishiya ezingeni elifanele. Kungaleso sikhathi kuphela lapho singakhipha khona ukuthi kuwukweqile noma ukuntuleka kukawoyela enjinini, okungashintsha ukusebenza kwesistimu yokugcoba ngendlela yokuthi idale umsindo. Izinyathelo okumele zilandelwe yilezi:

  • Beka imoto endaweni evundlile ukuvimbela ukulinganisa amafutha angamanga. Ukwehlela, ngisho nokuncane, kuzobangela ukuba amafutha anqwabelene ohlangothini olulodwa, okubangela ukuthi angaphawuli ubude obufanele ku-dipstick.
  • Linda kuze kubanda injini. Lokhu kuzobe kudlulile isikhathi esidingekayo ukuze okokugcoba kushelele phansi ku-crankcase. Uma kungenjalo kuzovela ukuthi injini inamafutha amancane kunawo empeleni.
  • Khipha i-dipstick enjinini, uyihlanze ngephepha noma indwangu futhi uyibuyisele. Qaphela ukuthi ungashiyi i-lint, izingcezu zephepha noma indwangu engangena emotweni. Noma ikuphi ukungcola okwethusayo kungaba yingozi enjinini.

Hlanza i-dipstick yenjini ngendwangu engenalo i-lint.

  • Donsela i-dipstick uyikhiphe futhi ubone ukuthi uwoyela usekude kangakanani.. Kufanele ibe phakathi kwamamaki amabili amancane naphezulu umkhiqizi aqoshwe kuwo. Uma amafutha emasha kakhulu, futhi ungaboni kahle ukuthi ahamba kude kangakanani, gcoba indwangu noma iphepha ngawo. Kuzoba lula kakhulu ukukubona kungemuva elimhlophe.
    • Uma izinga lamafutha linjalo ngaphansi kobuncane, gcwalisa kancane ngokuwuthela ngepulaki yamafutha.
    • Uma ukhona ngaphezu kwesilinganiso esiphezulu Kuzodingeka ukhiphe amafutha aze abe phakathi kwamazinga afanele. Ongakwenza ngesikulufu se-crankcase, ngepompo yokumunca noma ukuyisa endaweni yokusebenzela.
  • Uma ufuna ukwazi okwengeziwe mayelana nokulinganisa uwoyela nokuthi ungawengeza kanjani noma uwususe enjinini, bheka i-athikili emayelana nendlela yokuhlola izinga likawoyela. Kuyo sikutshela indlela yokwenza kahle, ngaphezu kokuchaza ezinye izindlela ezikhona lapho injini ingenayo i-dipstick yamafutha.

Gcwalisa noma ususe amafutha ukuze uqede umsindo we-tappet

amafutha asetshenziswe kakhulu

Esinye isizathu esenza ama-hydraulic tappets akwazi ukudala lo msindo ukuthi amafutha asevele esesimweni esibi. Izinto zokugcoba zinenani la amakhilomitha aphezulu futhi a isikhathi sesikhathi lapho begcina khona izakhiwo zabo. Uma le mingcele yeqiwe, ukucekelwa phansi kwayo kuyoba kangangokuthi ngeke bakwazi ukufeza umsebenzi wabo futhi amathoyizi azozwakala.

Kulokhu kumele kwengezwe ukuthi ezinye izingcezu injini ngeke futhi babe nokugcotshwa okwanele. Lokhu kuzodala ukuguga okungakafiki isikhathi kwezingxenye eziningi ezihambayo kanye nokuncipha okukhulu kwempilo ewusizo yenjini. Bheka isihloko 130.000 km ngaphandle kokushintsha uwoyela, ukuthola ukuthi kwenzekani enjinini engalungiswa.

amafutha angalungile

Kulokhu, isici esingathinta kakhulu ama-tappets yi ukuminyana amafutha akulungile. Ngamanye amazwi, uma, isibonelo, injini yakho ingu-1.9 TDI futhi ngokusho komkhiqizi imodeli yakho kufanele ibe nowoyela we-15W40, akufanele usebenzise noma iyiphi enye. Ukugcotshwa ngeke kwanele futhi injini izolimala kakhulu. Isibonelo, uma amafutha ewuketshezi kakhulu, amafutha azophuma ku-crankcase ngokushesha futhi eningi kakhulu, okushiya phezulu kungavikelekile, okuyindawo lapho ama-tappets e-hydraulic.

Hlola ukuthi injini yakho inawo yini amafutha afanele

Kulokhu kufanele kwengezwe ezinye izinkinga eziningi okungafanele zinganakwa. Okuvame kakhulu futhi okubonakalayo ukuthi injini ishisa amafutha amaningi. Okuthile okwenzekayo ngoba okuningi kwakho kuhlungwa ku- amagumbi omlilo ngokusebenzisa piston izindandatho. Okuqaphelekayo ngoba umbala wentuthu ephuma epayipini lokukhipha umoya unombala oluhlaza kancane.

I-athikili ehlobene:
Intuthu yemoto yethu

Si amafutha ashubile kakhulu, uzophinde ube nezinkinga zokugcoba ngoba ngeke afike Ngokufanelekile kuzo zonke izingxenye injini. Mhlawumbe kufaka phakathi ompompi be-hydraulic. Futhi, ezinye izinkinga kuzodingeka zibonakale enjinini, okungafinyeza kakhulu ukuphila kwayo okuwusizo. Uma ungaqiniseki ukuthi yimuphi uwoyela ongawusebenzisa, vakashela isihloko sethu ku i-aceite yemoto.

Iphampu kawoyela ingaba imbangela yokungagcobi kahle futhi ngenxa yalokho umsindo

Ingcindezi kawoyela encane noma eningi kakhulu

Nalapha sibhekene nembangela ehlobene nokugcotshwa kwenjini. Umfutho kawoyela uyisici esingaziwa kuma-neophyte amaningi kumakhenikha ezimoto. Ngaphezu kwakho konke, ngoba izimoto ezimbalwa zihlanganisa inkomba ekhombisa ukuthi ukuliphi izinga ngaso sonke isikhathi. Amamodeli athile kuphela anendlela yezemidlalo, eklanywe ngendlela yokuthi kufunwa okuningi kuwo, abe nakho ekusetshenzisweni kwawo kwezinsimbi.

Uma umfutho kawoyela unganele, kungaba nezimo ezimbili ezinezimbangela ezihlukene:

  • ukucindezela okuncane: kwenzeka lapho uwoyela usugugile kakhulu, unomthamo ophansi kakhulu noma iphampu yamafutha Konakele. Uma, njengoba sike sabonisa ngaphambili, usuvele uqinisekise ukuthi uwoyela usesimweni esihle futhi uwuhlobo olulungile, kungenzeka ukuthi uyipompo.
  • ingcindezi enkulu: ngokuvamile lokhu kubangelwa ukuthi intwasahlobo yepompo elawula ukucindezela ivinjiwe noma isesimweni esibi. Kuzodingeka ihlanzwe noma ishintshwe. Ukuhlinzwa okutusekayo ukuthi uhambise imoto endaweni yokusebenzela, ngaphandle uma unolwazi olunzulu lwemishini kanye namathuluzi afanele.

Umfutho kawoyela wenjini kufanele ube kumanani afanele

Ingalo ye-rocker ebambekile noma i-hydraulic tappet

Okokugcina, ama-tappets anganamathela uma eshiywe i-varnish esele phakathi kwe-piston nomzimba we-tappet. Kulokhu, singakwazi ukuxazulula le nkinga ngokungeza isithasiselo sikawoyela enjinini. Bangaba futhi imigudu evalekile we-tappet uqobo ngoba ukungcola okuningi sekufinyelele kubo.

I-tappet ye-hydraulic eyonakele

Okokugcina, kungenzeka ukuthi iziphakamisi zenjini sezigugile. yonakele ebanga umsindo. Uma kunjalo, uma uyisebenzisa kancane injini, kuba ngcono, ngoba kungaholela ekulimaleni okukhulu uma uqhubeka nokushayela ngayo. Okuvame kakhulu ukuthi i- i-camshaft kancane kancane ziyaguga. Uma ukwazi, shayela iloli elidonsayo futhi uhambise imoto esitolo. Lokhu kuzonciphisa umonakalo enjinini yakho.

Faka izithasiselo enjinini ukuze uqede umsindo wamaphaphu adonsa amanzi

Izithasiselo zokunciphisa ukungqubuzana nokuqeda umsindo we-tappet

Kukhona izithasiselo ezimbalwa ezingezwe kuwoyela wenjini abathi abathuthukisi bazo bayawuqeda noma banciphise umsindo ophuma kompompi be-hydraulic noma ompompi. Ngokwesibonelo, labo of i-liquid moli, nakuba kunemikhiqizo eminingi eyenza imikhiqizo efanayo. Umsebenzi wabo uwukuqhubeka nokunciphisa ukungqubuzana okungase kudalwe enjinini, ukuze bakwazi ukusebenza kahle kumsindo wompompi uma inkinga ingekona ukuwohloka kwengxenye.

Noma kunjalo, thina sincoma wena ukuthi ngaphambi kwanoma yisiphi isithasiselo, uyaqinisekisa ukuthi i uhlelo lokuthambisa yenjini yakho Perfecto. Okungukuthi, amafutha asesimweni esihle futhi ohlobo olulungile, ipompo likawoyela lisebenza ngo-100% kanye nezinye izinkomba ezikulesi sihloko. Ngale kwalokho uzobe umosha imali.

Uma sibona ukuthi umsindo uyaqhubeka, Into etuseka kakhulu kungaba ukuyisa imoto endaweni yokusebenzela ukwenza amasheke afanele. Ngaphandle kokushoda kwezinto zokugcoba, kunezinye izizathu ezenza amatappe emoto yethu ahluleke akhiphe umsindo.

Isibonelo, uma kukhona ukungcola ku-valve yokuhlola, ingakhiqizwa ukuvuza kwangaphakathi ku-tappet ye-hydraulic. Kungenzeka futhi ukuthi kube nokuguga okungavamile phakathi kwe-plunger kanye ne-tappet ngokwayo, okukhiqiza ukuvuza ngokweqile okubangela umsindo ku-tappet. Umakhenikha angakwazi ukulungisa lezi zinkinga.

Izithombe 3, 5 no-7 - Nenad Stojkovic, Adrian Sampson, Mark Morgan


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  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Eduardo Martinez Velasco kusho

    Kubaluleke kakhulu ukuthi wazi ukuthi uwoyela udlala indima ebaluleke kakhulu emathangeni asebenza ngamanzi. Njengoba uma zenzelwe ukusebenzisa ibanga elithile lamafutha, isibonelo (5w-20, 5w-30, 10w-30,10, 40w-XNUMX njll, njll), kufanele usebenzise lokho okuhambisanayo ukuze ugweme umonakalo owengeziwe endabeni ye-hydraulic. amathangi, ngethemba ukuthi kuyasiza

    1.    Jose Angel Hernandez Madrigal kusho

      Ngiyabonga, yebo ngifake imotor, ngathumela ukuthi ilungiswe, zintsha futhi bekumele zihle ngisayiqala, kodwa kwathi lapho ingquza yaphuka, i-diver yaqala ukuzwakala.

  2.   UMarco L. kusho

    Sawubona, ngine-Hyundai Santa Fé ngonyaka ka-2011, injini engu-2.4 engu-110.000 km, ngayiyisa kumakhenikha ngoba nginenkinga nge-clutch pump ruliman futhi ngemva kwezinsuku ezimbalwa ukusuka komunye umzuzu kuya komunye yaqala ngomsindo ongavamile. eyayingasekho.iyanda futhi ibonakala kuma-revolutions angu-2500 futhi uma ngisheshisa kakhulu ijwayele ukunyamalala futhi ngokusho komshini angitshele ukuthi iphuma kuma-propellers (throttle). Ngaleso sizathu ngayiyisa e-workshop ngashintsha ophephela (ama-tappet) futhi ayinyamalala futhi iyaqhubeka njengakuqala, lapho ngishiya umakhenikha umakhenikha wangitshela ukuthi umsindo kufanele unyamalale kuze kulinganiswe ophephela, okungibizayo. kholwani kanjalo. Ngabe kukhona ongangitshela ukuthi kungaba yini uma kungewona ama-thrusters

  3.   Waldo kusho

    Sanibonani nginomsindo enjinini kubonakala ukuthi amathangi. Umsindo uhlala njalo futhi uyaqhubeka uma kushisa, ngisho noma ushesha uyanda. Into ehlekisayo ukuthi ukushintsha uwoyela kwaba muva nje. Enye into engibambayo uma izohambisana nokushintshwa kwama-spark plugs engikwenze izolo, ngifake ama-spark plug e-iridium. Ingabe kufanele ngibone okuthile noma enye into? Ngizoyithokozela impendulo yakho

  4.   UJulio kusho

    Buenos dias.
    Ngine toyota hilux 3.0 2015, 60.000 km. Ohambweni olude abazange bafake isivalo se-radiator futhi yancibilikisa injini.
    Sashintsha ama-blok liners, ama-piston namasongo, izinsimbi, izinduku zokuxhuma nezikhonkwane, sahlanganisa injini nomsindo oqhubekayo onjengama-valve waqala, sashintsha nama-injection angu-3. Silungisa iphampu yokuphakamisa udizili kanye nephampu kawoyela futhi ukungqongqoza kuyaqhubeka.
    Sicela noma yisiphi iseluleko; Ngiyabonga

    Phendula ngokucaphuna
    JULIO

  5.   Byron kusho

    Buenos dias.
    Nginenkinga elandelayo nge truck yohlobo lwe mazda b2200 ilungiswe yaphela kwakhala amathangi ngenze i review awalayishwanga ngenxa yaleso sizathu ngakhetha ukuwafaka amasha kodwa nakhu kufika inkinga efanayo amathangi bezisazwakala kodwa umehluko wokuthi kunezikhathi lapho besebenza ngokujwayelekile (ngaphandle kokushaywa) kanti kwezinye abakwenzi, ngabuyela ukuyokwenza okunye ukubuyekezwa futhi ngizithola senginompompi abathile ngaphandle kokushaja (lapho umsindo). Ngingasijabulela isiqondiso sakho

  6.   Yuri Arredondo kusho

    Ngiphethe uphethiloli we-Sang Yong ka-2008 kwavuthela i-gasket yekhanda, baxubha ucezu nezihlalo zamavalvu, ngaphezu kwamavalvu ashiwo zihlalo..., bashintsha ama-valve seal bafaka amafutha angu-20-50 nama-spark plugs amasha.
    Lapho beqala imoto, kwakubukeka njengethangi leMpi Yezwe Yokuqala, umakhenikha wangitshela ukuthi amathangi azoshaja ngezinsuku, kodwa awazange, wabe esengincoma ukuthi ngifake amafutha angcono kakhulu 10-30 futhi athuthuka. kancane, kodwa emakhazeni kuyahlengezela futhi sekuvele kushisa ngezinye izikhathi kuzwakala futhi ngezinye izikhathi akukwenzi... kufanele ngenzenjani? umuntu angangisiza?, ngoba ukuwashintsha kubiza ngaphezu kokuya e-Orlando-Florida
    Gracias

  7.   uJesu carucci kusho

    Ngine-Dogge Ran 2500 ngonyaka ka-2008 enomsindo emathangini kwesinye isikhathi edlule

  8.   Alexis kusho

    Ngine-dodge durango ka-2013 enomsindo ofana nowethangi elizwakala kakhulu uma injini ishisa. Ngingathanda ukungisiza ngezeluleko. Ngiyabonga

  9.   Alfonso Salzalejo kusho

    Sanibonani ngine peugeot 307 2.0 16v year 2008 ngenza umsebenzi enjinini ngabeka yonke into yaze yafika ezikhathini zakuqala manje ngizama ukuyivula ayivuli umbuzo wami uthi ukuthi njengoba ngingawafakile amafutha enjinini ayaphuma amathangi.be an option ngithi .. ubani ongangisiza

    1.    nguyen kusho

      uma ufaka amathangi kumele angabi namafutha okugcoba uma uwafakile angeke aqale.zama ukubheka i-camshaft pulley ukuthi ilungiswe kahle futhi kufanele uqinisekise ukuthi ibhande lisesimweni esihle uma kungenjalo kufanele uthenge entsha njengoba la mat kakhulu futhi akukho lutho olususayo okufanele ulushintshe ngqo.Ngiyethemba ukuthi lokho kukusebenzile.

  10.   i-aurimar kusho

    incazelo enhle kakhulu, ngiyabonga kakhulu

  11.   Jose Angel Hernandez Madrigal kusho

    Ngashintsha izingcezu ezingu-12 ngafaka i-Ford mazda 94 B4000 yami i-4×4 kodwa ngithe uma ngiyiqala okokuqala yezwakala kahle kwahlephuka i-vulvo yamafutha ngathi uma ngiyishintsha ngabuyisela amafutha kwaqala ukukhala i-diver. thanda ukuzwa imibono yenu ngiyabonga

  12.   Jose Angel Hernandez Madrigal kusho

    Injini ye-pik UP yami ngiyilungisile, ngashintsha konke okuhlanganisa nabatshuzi abangu-12. Ngithe uma ngiyoyivivinya yazwakala izinzile, injini kuphela eyayidonsa ngo-100, kodwa ngaphambi kokuba nginikele kimi, amafutha. ivulvo yaqhuma kwathi lapho beyiletha kimi, yavele yazwakala njenge-diver ngicabanga ukuthi umakhenikha wamfaka amafutha angcolile ngoba yilokho i-diver ezwakalayo futhi bancoma ukuthi ngiyishintshe noma ngifake isithasiselo kuyo. imibono kanye nokubonga ngokucacisa i-bemdicones yami yokungabaza

  13.   U-Antonio Jimenez kusho

    Lapho inaliti yokushisa ishiya indawo eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, umsindo uyafihlwa. Uma ifunwa ayiwathuthukisi amandla.
    iqala kahle kakhulu