Yini i-CNG

CNG refueling

Esikhathini esifushane esedlule inqwaba yezimoto bekuyidizili noma uphethiloli. Cishe zazingekho ezinye izindlela. Nokho, eminyakeni emihlanu edlule konke kushintshe kakhulu. Izimoto ezijwayelekile eziyingxubevange zikhulise ngokuphawulekayo ukuthengiswa kwazo, ama-plug-in hybrids abekwe ngendlela efanele njengenye enye indlela, ukuthuthukiswa kwezimoto ezisebenza ngogesi kuqhubekela phambili ngokugxuma nemingcele futhi, ngaphezu kwalokho, nokunye. Amafutha amabili abaluleke kakhulu: i-CNG ne-LPG.

Kulesi sihloko sizochaza konke mayelana ne-CNG ngendlela elula. Sizophendula imibuzo eyisisekelo njengokuthi yini i-CNG, uwuthathaphi lo mafutha, iyini i-CNG yesizukulwane sesihlanu, kanjani ukuthola amagalaji anikezela ngalo mafutha, yiziphi izimoto ezisebenzisa i-CNG, yimuphi umehluko wentengo uma uqhathaniswa ne imoto evamile nokuthi imoto iguqulwa kanjani ibe yigesi yemvelo (kanye nentengo yokuguqulwa).

Into yokuqala okumele uyiqaphele ukuthi I-CNG imele i-Compressed Natural Gas.. Akufanele siyiphambanise neLPG, okuyiLiquefied Petroleum Gas. Womabili angamafutha futhi asetshenziswa ezimotweni, kodwa ahlukene futhi enye ayisebenzi kwenye. Ukujwayela kwezinjini nakho kuhlukile.

Yini i-LPG
I-athikili ehlobene:
Yini i-LPG? Izinkinga zemoto ezingenzeka kanye nezixazululo zazo

Ngaphambi kokungena ogwini lwalesi sihloko, bengifuna ukusho ukuthi ukusetshenziswa kwe-CNG ezimotweni akuyona into yakamuva. Abaningi Amabhasi, ikakhulukazi asemadolobheni, sekuyiminyaka esebenzisa i-Compressed Natural Gas ukunika amandla ama-thrusters abo. Ngale ndlela, ngaphezu kokunciphisa ukungcola emadolobheni, izinkampani zinciphisa nezindleko zazo.

Uyithathaphi i-CNG?

Njengowoyela ongahluziwe, I-CNG ikhishwa ezikhwameni phansi, kodwa igesi yemvelo ayiphumi ezikhwameni ezifanayo nowoyela. Igesi Yemvelo Ecindezelwe ngokuyisisekelo eyenziwe nge-methane (cishe ama-90%). Ezinye izinhlanganisela ziyi-nitrogen nama-hydrocarbons, kodwa ngezilinganiso ezinganakwa. Ngakho-ke, ayingcolisi kakhulu kunophethiloli noma udizili.

Iwumthombo wemvelo wemvelo.

Isici esihle yilokho ayidingi incwadi ende mayelana nokucwengwanjengophethiloli noma udizili. Lesi ngesinye sezizathu ezenza izindleko zehle kakhulu. Kunoma yikuphi, uchungechunge lwezinqubo kufanele lwenziwe ukuze luhlanzwe futhi ngaleyo ndlela lukwazi ukulisebenzisa njengophethiloli ezinjinini zethu.

Isikhombi sezinga likaphethiloli se-CNG

Igesi yemvelo esetshenziswa ezimotweni iyafana nale esinayo ezindlini zethu, kodwa ukuze isebenze kumele icindezeleke kakhulu.

Izinzuzo ze-CNG

Enye yezinzuzo eziyinhloko ukuthi i-CNG iyi- uphethiloli ohlanzekile ngokuphawulekayo kunophethiloli noma udizili. Ngesikhathi sokushiswa kwamasilinda, umphumela wokuqhuma cishe yi-CO2 (i-carbon dioxide) ne-H2O (amanzi). Inani lama-nitrogen oxides nezinhlayiya ze-soot cishe alikho.

Yingakho behlanzeke kangaka. Eqinisweni, ukushiswa kwe-CNG akungcolisi kakhulu kunalokho kwe-LPG ngokwayo, yingakho ihlonishwa kakhulu yi-European Union.

Ngenxa yokungcoliswa kwayo okuphansi kanye nemithombo emikhulu yegesi yemvelo (yize inesiphetho), lawa maphethiloli anamandla. ixhaswe yi-EU. Yize incike ezintweni eziningi futhi iyahlukahluka kumphakeli ngamunye, intengo ye-CNG ekuqaleni kuka-2020 yayiphakathi kuka-0,8 no-0,95 wama-euro ngekhilo ngalinye. Cishe 40% ishibhile kunophethiloli.

Ngakho-ke, akunzima ukwenza imali eyengeziwe yokuqala ibe nenzuzo ngesikhathi esifushane. Vele, kuzoncika enanini lamakhilomitha ahanjwa minyaka yonke kanye nomehluko wentengo ngophethiloli.

Akufanele sikhohlwe ukuthi zonke izimoto zabagibeli zesimanje ezisebenzisa i-CNG njengophethiloli, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi zisuka kuphi noma amandla azo, zuza kulebula ye-Eco kwe-DGT. Uma imoto yethu ishiye ifekthri inesimiso esivamile futhi kamuva yashintshwa ukuze ifane negesi yemvelo, inelungelo lelebula le-Eco Environmental.

Ngokunengqondo, njengoba imoto engcolisa kancane imvelo, eSpain inakho izinzuzo ezithile zentela. Isibonelo, intela yokubhalisa iyasuswa futhi intela yonyaka (inombolo encane esiyikhokha minyaka yonke) yehliswe kakhulu. Akufanele sikhohlwe ukuthi, ngokuba nelebula ye-Eco, singakwazi ukufinyelela inkaba yamadolobha amakhulu ngeziqephu zokungcola okuphezulu nokuthi sinezinzuzo ezinhle lapho sipaka endaweni yokupaka elawulwayo.

Ukungalungi kwe-CNG

Isihlalo Ibiza TGI CNG

Kodwa akuzona zonke izinzuzo. Kukhona nobubi obuthile kulezi zimoto ze-CNG. Okubi kakhulu ukuthi, okwamanje, awekho amaningi iziteshi zikaphethiloli ezinabahlinzeki beGesi Yemvelo Ecindezelwe. Kuyinto okufanele inakwe lapho kuhlolwa ukuthi ungayithenga yini imoto ye-CNG. Lapho uthatha uhambo olude, kuyadingeka ukuhlela umzila kahle futhi, ohambweni olujwayelekile, kuzoba ngcono ukuba nesiteshi esinalawa phethiloli eduze kwasekhaya.

Izimoto ze-CNG nazo zinethangi likaphethiloli futhi zingasebenza kahle kunoma iyiphi yalawa maphethiloli amabili. Kodwa-ke, ukuze kutholakale indawo yethangi legesi yemvelo, ama-brand anciphisa kakhulu umthamo wamathangi kaphethiloli, ngakho-ke ukuzimela kwawo ngaleli phethiloli kulinganiselwe, futhi avame ukulahlekelwa indawo yezimpahla.

Ukuqhubeka nezingqinamba, lapho uthenga imoto (esivele ilungiswe efektri), inani layo ngokuvamile liphakeme kunemoto elingana nophethiloli. Kodwa-ke, ngenxa yezindleko eziphansi zalo mafutha kanye nokusebenza kahle kwawo, ngeke kuthathe isikhathi eside ukumboza lokhu kukhishwa kwezindleko. Yiqiniso, kufanele kubhekwe ukuthi amanani angashintsha, futhi i-CNG inenzuzo enkulu uma umehluko wentengo phakathi kukaphethiloli nodizili mkhulu.

Njengamanje umehluko wentengo phakathi kwemoto kaphethiloli kanye nemoto ye-CNG ivamise ukuzungeze ama-euro ayi-2.000, ngezinzuzo ezifanayo.

Ochwepheshe bezinguquko kanye nabakhiqizi ngokwabo basho lokho ukugcinwa kufanele kube ngokuqinile. Kuyiqiniso ukuthi injini egcinwe kahle kufanele ihlale isikhathi eside njengenjini efanayo kaphethiloli. Kodwa-ke, kuyadingeka ukuqaphela kakhudlwana izibuyekezo naphezu kweqiniso lokuthi izinto ezivuthayo zihlanzekile. Isizathu siwukuthi i-CNG ithi ukugqwala futhi lonke uhlelo lwe-CNG kufanele luhlolwe njalo ngeminyaka engu-"x", uma umenzi eyincoma.

Umehluko phakathi kwe-LPG ne-CNG
I-athikili ehlobene:
Izimoto ezine-LPG ne-CNG ngo-2022: umehluko nezintengo

Okokugcina, ngomshini ofanayo nokushayela, imoto idinga ukusebenzisa i-CNG ethe xaxa kunophethiloli ukuze ihlanganise ibanga elifanayo; cishe u-5%. Kuyiqiniso futhi ukuthi ukusebenza (amandla netorque) kuncipha cishe ngo-10%, nakuba ezimweni ezijwayelekile zokushayela kunzima ukukubona lokhu. Ngokufigqiwe, ikhiqiza kancane kakhulu futhi ichitha kancane kakhulu; noma yini efanayo, umehluko cishe awubonakali.

Amagalaji kaphethiloli ane-CNG

Njengoba sishilo esigabeni sokungalungi, okwamanje azikho iziteshi zesevisi eziningi ezicindezele amaphampu egesi yemvelo ezimotweni. Yebo, kuyiqiniso ukuthi ziya ngokuya ziba khona futhi kunezinhlelo zokuzikhulisa.

Ngokusho kwe-GASNAM (Inhlangano yase-Iberian ekhuthaza ukusetshenziswa kweGesi Yemvelo kanye Negesi Evuselelekayo emhlabeni nolwandle), njengamanje kukhona amagalaji kaphethiloli e-CNG angama-81 asebenzayo enhlonhlweni. Ngendlela efanayo, baxhumana ngokuthi kukhona amanye angama-32 kuphrojekthi noma emisebenzini azovulwa maduze. ICatalonia (19), Community of Madrid (19), Castilla La Mancha (9), Valencian Community (9) kanye ne-Andalusia (8) yimiphakathi ezimele enamaphuzu amaningi okugcwalisa i-CNG.

CNG izimoto

Mayelana nabakhiqizi bezimoto abahlinzeka ngemikhiqizo yabo “yasekhaya” ngeCompressed Natural Gas, akusibona bonke, kodwa kuyiqiniso ukuthi bayanda abaphenyayo nabazama ukufaka imikhiqizo enalo phethiloli emakethe. Okwamanje, umenzi onezinhlobo eziningi ze-CNG yiVolkswagen Group. Eqinisweni, i-Spanish brand Seat yiyona ebiphethe ucwaningo nokuthuthukiswa kwalezi zinhlelo zeqembu lonke.

Okudayiswa kakhulu yiSeat Ibiza, Seat León, Seat Arona, Skoda Octavia kanye neFiat Panda. Kukhona nezinhlobo zakwa-Audi ezifana ne-A3 noma i-A4, nezakwaVolkswagen njengeGolf noma iPolo. Njengoba sishilo, i-Seat ibonakala sengathi nguye othathe ifulegi le-CNG eYurophu.

Intengo yamamodeli ane-CNG (imodeli kaphethiloli ye-Vs ebiza kakhulu)

Njengoba sishilo ngaphambili, bekulokhu kuthiwa kukhona okuphawulekayo umehluko wentengo lapho uthenga imoto kaphethiloli kanye nenye imodeli efanayo enezinzuzo ezifanayo ne-CNG; cishe i-2.000 euros. Indlela engcono kakhulu yokuyiqhathanisa iwukubheka abahleli bomkhiqizo. Sikhethe enye yezimoto ezifunwa kakhulu ezweni lakithi, iSeat Ibiza.

Ngokusho komhleli womkhiqizo waseSpain, i-Seat Ibiza 1.0 TGI 90 CV (CNG) ekuqedeni kweSitayela Plus futhi ngaphandle kokwengeza okungeziwe, inenani elisemthethweni lama-euro ayi-17.290. Ngokuphambene nalokho, ku-Ibiza 1.0 TSI 95 CV (uphethiloli) esiphethweni esifanayo futhi ngaphandle kokungeziwe sibona intengo ye-15.580 euros. Umehluko ngokusho kwe-configurator yi-1.710 euros. Ngaleso sizathu, imoto efanayo enenjini engu-95 hp TDI (diesel) ibiza ama-euro angu-17.750, ama-euro angu-460 abiza kakhulu kune-CNG kanye nama-euro angu-2.170 ngaphezu kukaphethiloli.

Guqula imoto ibe yi-CNG

Uma sinemoto kaphethiloli futhi sifuna ukuyiguqulela ku-CNG, azikho izinkinga eziningi. Okuwukuphela kwento okufanele siyicabangele ukuthi kufanele kube okungenani i-Euro3, okungukuthi, izimoto okwamanje ezinesitika se-DGT B (ephuzi); kusukela lapho.

Amalebula e-DGT emission
I-athikili ehlobene:
I-DGT ihlukanisa izimoto ngokusekelwe ekungcoleni okunamalebula anemibala

Bluemotion TGI Volkswagen CNG

Kuye ngokuthi basebenzisa imishini enomjovo ongaqondile noma oqondile, intengo izoba phezulu noma ephansi. Umjovo ongaqondile (okungumthetho ojwayelekile ovame ukubandala kancane) ushibhe ngandlela thize. Isibalo esiphezulu samasilinda, intengo nayo iyakhuphuka. Njengomthetho ojwayelekile, ukuguqulwa kubiza phakathi kuka-2.000 no-3.000 wama-euronakuba kuncike ezintweni eziningana. Phakathi kwezinye izinto, ngoba kukhona izimoto lapho kulula kunezinye (isikhathi esiningi noma esincane sokusebenza kanye nokuguqulwa okuningi noma okuncane emotweni).

Ngokunengqondo, lolu shintsho ku-CNG kumele kwenziwe esikhungweni esigunyaziwe. Uma imoto yethu isishintshiwe kakade, into yokuqala okufanele siyenze dlula ITV nawo wonke amadokhumenti abalulekile emoto kanye nalawo abasinike wona emhlanganweni wokucobelelana ngolwazi mayelana nokuguqulwa. Uma konke kuhamba ngohlelo futhi zingekho izigameko ku-ITV, isinyathelo esilandelayo ukuya ekomkhulu leTraffic ukuze irekhodi lemoto yethu lilungiswe futhi, ngenxa yalokho, basinike ilebula ye-Eco ye-DGT.

Ingabe imoto kadizili ingaguqulwa ibe yi-CNG?

Impendulo inguyebo, ungakwazi ukuguqula imoto kadizili ibe yi-CNG. Kodwa-ke, ngenxa yomjikelezo womsebenzi kadizili (ohlukile kuphethiloli) kanye nezakhiwo zegesi yemvelo, iyinkimbinkimbi futhi ibiza kakhulu kunasenjinini kaphethiloli. Kubiza kakhulu ukubuyisela ekutshalweni kwezimali. Ngakho-ke, asiziboni izimoto ze-CNG ze-diesel. Kodwa-ke, ezinye izimoto zezimboni, amaloli noma amabhasi akwenzile lokhu kushintshwa. Isizathu siwukuthi, njengoba lezi zimoto zichitha uphethiloli omningi, kungenzeka ukuthi zikwazi ukubuyisela utshalomali ngokuhamba kwesikhathi namakhilomitha.


Linganisela imoto yakho mahhala ngomzuzu ongu-1 ➜

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.