i-alternator yemoto

i-alternator yemoto

Izimoto zesimanje ziya ngokuya zikhombisa ukuthembela kwazo okukhulayo ezinhlelweni zikagesi. Izimoto zanamuhla zifika zifakwe izinto zikagesi ezengeziwe ezinakekela yonke imisebenzi yazo yangaphakathi. I-alternator yemoto ingenye yezinto eziyinhloko zomjikelezo kagesi. Inhloso yawo ukuguqula amandla emishini abe amandla kagesi ukuze ashaje ibhethri futhi anikeze ugesi odingekayo emotweni uma isebenza.

Imisebenzi ebalulekile efana nokusebenzisa amandla kagesi adingekayo ukuze kusetshenziswe wonke amasistimu kagesi amalambu angaphambili, isifudumezi-moya, amasistimu alalelwayo nezinye izesekeli zikagesi ezingaxhasiwe yibhethri, amazinga kagesi kagesi avuselelwa njalo yi-alternator yemoto.

I-alternator yemoto, ingxenye ebalulekile

izingxenye ze-alternator

Ngakho-ke enye indawo yemoto idlala indima ebaluleke kakhulu ekusebenzeni kwemoto. Ngakho-ke, kubalulekile ukwazi ukuthi yiziphi izimpawu eziyisixwayiso zokuhluleka kulesi simiso, ukuze ugweme isimo esingakhululekile ngemoto, njengokuxoshwa endaweni ekude, ngaphandle kosizo oluseduze.

La ukuziphendukela kwemvelo izimoto eziye zadlula kukhulu kangangokuthi ama-alternator endabuko anikeze indawo kwezinye eziyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu ngokobuchwepheshe. Isizathu salokhu kweqa kwezobuchwepheshe sihambisana nesidingo sokuba nayo hlinzeka ngamandla engeziwe ezinhlelweni ezisizayo ezisemotweni (isistimu yomsindo, ukuzulazula, isimo somoya, abasizi nezinsiza zokushayela, njll.).

Ngale ndlela, ukuba nohlu oluseduze lwezimpawu ezingase zimelele inkinga noma ukwehluleka ku i-alternator yemoto, kungaba indlela yokuba nesixwayiso kusengaphambili sokwehluleka okuzayo.

I-athikili ehlobene:
Izintambo ze-Spark plug: zenzelweni, amaphutha, zingashintshwa kanjani, intengo

Amaphutha angenzeka we-alternator yemoto

ukuklabalasa ku-alternator

Akunzima kakhulu ukukhomba izinkinga zale divayisi, ngoba kubi ukusebenza kwe-alternator Inomthelela oqondile ekusebenzeni kwezingxenye eziningi zemoto. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthembela kwezinye izesekeli zikagesi emandleni ahlinzekwa yilesi simiso avela ku- ibhetri.

ukukhanya kwe-alternator

Abakhiqizi bezimoto ngokuvamile baguqule indlela yokuxwayisa ukuze babonise iphutha enye indawo. Ngakho esinye sezibonakaliso ezibonakala kalula zokwehluleka okuzayo kulesi simiso yilapho lokhu kukhanya kukhanya ngokugqamile. Uma ivuliwe, ungaqiniseka ukuthi kukhona okungalungile nge- enye indawo noma ngebhethri lemoto. Naka iphaneli yezinsimbi ukuze wazi isimo samanje sale ngxenye.

Kukhona into evamile umlawuli we-alternator. Bheka isihloko mayelana isilawuli, ngaphambili esasibizwa ngebhokisi lesilawuli, lapho sichaza konke ngakho.

Ibhethri eliphansi

Uma le nto iyimbi, i-alternator ngeke ikwazi ukusebenza ngendlela egculisayo. Ukuhlola i-voltage yayo kuzodingeka sikwenze sebenzisa i-multimeter bese uyixhuma ekuphumeni kwebhethri. Isilinganiso kuzofanele senziwe injini imile futhi kamuva isiqalile, ngoba kungale ndlela kuphela lapho sizokwazi ukubona ukuthi iphutha liku-alternator noma ebhethrini uqobo.

i-alternator noma isibani esiyisixwayiso sokuhluleka kwebhethri

Kunoma ikuphi, uma injini imile sithola ukufundwa kwebhethri ngaphansi kwe-12,3 volts, iphutha lizoba lapha. Uma injini iqalile sithola idatha engaphansi kuka-13,5 volts, inkinga izoba nge-alternator. Ku ividiyo engenhla Sichaza ukuthi kwenziwa kanjani lokhu kuhlola kalula.

Ungayisebenzisa kanjani i-multimeter
I-athikili ehlobene:
Ungayisebenzisa kanjani i-multimeter

Imisindo eyinqaba ku-alternator

I-alternator ishayelwa ngu-a ukulungisa ingaba nephutha, iqhekeke noma iguge. Ukuthola lesi simo uma imoto imile kulula, ngoba ibonakala ngeso lenyama, kodwa uma kukhona okungahambi kahle kuyo lapho injini igijima futhi iphuka, sasizwa umsindo ongajabulisi. Lesi simo singabangela izingxenye ezithile ezihambayo ze-alternator ukuthi ziqhelelane okubangela lo msindo. Lo msindo ofanayo ungase futhi ubangelwe a ukuguga ngokweqile kuma-bearings akho

I-alternator noma ukwehluleka kwebhethri, ukwazi kanjani?

Umthelela wezinsiza zikagesi

Njengoba enye indawo iqala ukwehluleka ibhethri lemoto ayikhokhisi emazingeni ajwayelekile, okunomthelela ezintweni zikagesi zemoto. Lokhu kufaka ukufiphaliswa kahle kwezibani kanye nokwehla kokusebenza kwezisetshenziswa ngokuvamile. Lezi yizimpawu ezingaqondile zezinkinga ze- enye indawo. Uma ingalungiswanga noma ingashintshwa ngesikhathi, ungagcina une- ibhetri efile.

Okuthile okungeyena wonke umuntu okwaziyo ukuthi, kwamanye amamodeli, i-alternator embi noma ibhethri ingabangela Izinkinga zokulawula ukuzinza kwe-ESP. Ukubona lesi simo kubaluleke kakhulu, ngoba sizosiza gwema ukwehluleka okukhulu futhi kuyabiza ukulungisa.

Nqamula ngokuphephile ibhethri
I-athikili ehlobene:
Unganqamula kanjani ngokuphephile ibhethri lemoto

ibiza malini i-alternator yemoto

i-alternator entsha yemoto

Uma kucatshangelwa lezi zimo zangaphambilini, kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi isilinganiso sempilo ye-alternator Kuzoncika kakhulu ekusetshenzisweni ebinakho. Amabhethri esiwahlanganisile athonya ukuqina kwawo, uma kunqwabelene izintuli ngaphakathi noma ngisho isimo sezulu imoto ehambe kuso. Ukuphila kwayo okuwusizo kuyinto phakathi kwezinkulungwane ezingama-200 neziyizinkulungwane ezingama-400 zamakhilomitha, kodwa lokhu akusona isithiyo ukuze kungaphumeleli ngaphambili.

Uma i-alternator yemoto yethu inenkinga futhi kwadingeka siyishintshe, i izindleko zizoncika kumenzi efanayo kanye nemodeli egibela imoto. Intengo entsha izoba khona Ama-euro ayishumi noma ayi-400Kodwa-ke, singathola ama-alternator emakethe yamasekeni (ikakhulukazi ama-scrap) angaba ishibhile (phakathi kwama-euro angama-50 nama-200) futhi azoba nesiqinisekiso.

Uma ingasebenzi kahle, ngeke ishaje ibhethri lemoto.

Ungashintsha kanjani i-alternator yemoto

Ungakushintsha kanjani

Kunoma yikuphi, ngokubekezela okuncane singayishintsha thina ngokwethu i-alternator wemoto yethu, vele ulandele lezi zinyathelo:

  1. Ukuba yinto eyingxenye yesistimu kagesi yemoto, kufanele senze nqamula itheminali ephozithivu yebhethri
  2. Kufanele khipha i-alternator endala, ngakho-ke kuzodingeka siqale ukuyiqaqa ngokususa ibhande. Ukuze uhlangane kamuva, kungcono ukudweba isikhundla se-strap ephepheni lephepha. Ukwenza kube lula ukususwa kwayo, okungcono kakhulu esingakwenza ukusunduza i-alternator ibheke enjinini ukuze ithathe ukuxega futhi iphume ngaphandle kokuyiphoqa.
  3. Uma ibhande selisusiwe, sizonqamula wonke amatheminali we-alternator yezitolo zikagesi. Lezi zizolungiswa ngezikulufo, ngakho-ke kuzoba lula ukuthola indawo yazo
  4. Ngemuva kwalokho sizoqaqa i-alternator futhi siyikhiphe ngokuphelele kusukela ekamelweni injini
  5. Uma imbobo ye-alternator endala isikhululekile, sizoqhubeka kuyo faka entsha endaweni efanayo. Kubaluleke kakhulu ukuthi ungakhohlwa ukuxhuma izintambo ngokuzilungisa ngezikulufo esizisusile ngaphambili.
  6. Njengoba senza esinyathelweni sesi-2, manje kufanele senze kanjalo faka ibhande futhi
  7. Uma sesimisiwe, ngeke sikhohlwe qinisa ngokwanele
  8. Ekugcineni, uma zonke izinyathelo zangaphambilini seziqinisekisiwe, sizobuyela ku xhuma itheminali ephozithivu yebhethri futhi sizoqhubeka nokuhlola uma konke kusebenza kahle

Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-36, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   mikevivo2011 kusho

    Ungakwazi yini ukungichazela okuthile mayelana namaphutha enjini yokuqalisa kanye ne-alternator nezixazululo zamaphutha akho kokubili?

  2.   Cesar_26051@hotmail.com kusho

    Bangani ake angitshele ukuthi uma i-alternator isiqala ukufeyila, kujwayelekile yini ukuthi uma ngivula isimo sezulu, imoto ivele idlikize bese icisha?

  3.   jm_perez kusho

    imoto yami iphelelwe amandla futhi kubukeka sengathi idonsa enye, ichitha uphethiloli omningi, izibani zikhanyisa kancane kakhulu, i-Clauson ayizwakali, amabhulashi asebenza kancane kakhulu, kukhanyisa ilambu likawoyela futhi amafutha alungile, ongangitshela ukuthi ukuthobela lokhu kuziphatha emotweni yami i-Elantra yango-1993.

  4.   ngaphandle kusho

    Imoto yami iqala kahle angitholi nendicator ku dashboard inkinga uma ngikhanyisa iwashi elingaphakathi emotweni livele lifice uzwe ukuthi imoto igijima kancane kungaba yini nginike imibono

  5.   Okuningi kusho

    Sanibonani, ngivela eMorelba, imoto yami ikhanyisa ilambu lebhethri bese ivala, kanjalo, kungaba yini?

  6.   Isaka kusho

    Sanibonani ninjani ngyangabaza ayikho into engizoyenza ngyahlanya ngoba abakalitholi iphutha leloli lami yiJeep Grand Cherokee Laredo 97 eyisix cylinder, sengivele ngashintsha i-alternator kanye nezinkomba ze-RPM ziyaqhubeka nokucisha futhi Amamayela athile ngemva kwalokho kwehluleka iqala ukudlikizela kancane bese iyacisha futhi kuthatha okungaphezulu noma okuncane ukuyivula futhi, enye into engihambisa izintambo zekhompyutha futhi isabela ngokushesha kakhulu ukuthi, ngendlela, ngizishintsha kanye nekhompyutha ukuthi Leyo kwakuyiphutha, njengoba ngilinde izimpendulo, ngicishe nginengxenye eyisipele yezinto eziningi ezingenza ngithenge. Injabulo

  7.   ana kusho

    ibhodi lami lithi SVS lisho ukuthini

    1.    Carlos kusho

      Isixhumi esilimele noma ikhebuli

  8.   Carmen kusho

    Sawubona, igama lami nginguCarmen
    Nginombuzo
    Imoto yami ayivuli
    Kodwa izibani ziyakhanya
    Angazi noma isuka ku-alternator noma ibhethri.
    Ngifuna ungisize

  9.   UBernard kusho

    Sanibonani ntambama ngineJeep Cherokee eyisixcylinder basanda kulungisa injini kodwa izinga lokushisa belilokhu likhuphuka kakhulu, ngicela ukuzwa izeluleko ngazi ukuthi kwenzakalani.

  10.   Roberto kusho

    kuhle imoto yami ayikaqali kahle ngiyinika ukhiye futhi ithatha isikhathi eside ukuyivula, nedeshibhodi ayisebenzi namalambu aphansi kakhulu, ngine-pathfinder 99

  11.   angel kusho

    imoto yami iqala kahle ngemva kokushayela imizuzu embalwa kungazelelwe imoto iyama futhi isibalo sokucwayiza kwebhethri sivela kudeshibhodi, ngilinda cishe imizuzu engama-30 kuya kwengama-45 ngaphandle kokuqalisa, ngizama ukuqalisa imoto futhi isebenza ngendlela evamile. kungaba yini iphutha...

  12.   Liliana kusho

    nginejeep ka 1996 ibhethri liyakhanyisa kudeshibhodi umakhenikha uyayifaka bese ethi akusiyo i-alternator yisistimu kagesi kodwa izimpawu engizibonile yiphunga elishisayo, i-sinusoid ehlukile, nebhethri licishiwe. ideshibhodi bese uLucho evula ukuvula.

  13.   angela kusho

    Sanibonani I truck yami ifana ne FedEx inenkinga, amalambu angemumva awakhanyisi uma ngiyikhanyisa naphezulu uma ngiyicisha ngikhanyisa amalambu kuphela, iloli ijika ngokwayo, angazi ukuthi kungaba yini, iloli liwudizili nalo Kunomsindo obhodlayo enjinini h othile uzokwazi ukuthi kungaba yini.

  14.   UJose Rios kusho

    ungakwazi ukudlula imoto yokuqala ye-elekthronikhi

  15.   U-HERIBERTO COLON TORRES kusho

    SAWUBONA MNGANI NGINE MAZDA NGIYAJABULA I ALTERNATOR IYASHAJA KODWA I ALTERNATOR LIGHT AYICISHI NGISHINTSHA I REGULATOR ENE COMPUTER FUTHI USAFANA NJENGOBA KUNGABA NJE.

  16.   i-fidel caceres kusho

    Imoto yami ivuleka kahle, kodwa ngenkathi ngiyishayela ngezinye izikhathi inani elincane liyahamba, futhi umzuzu ufika futhi ucime; Ngikwenze wonke ama-shutter, ama-injection, amakhoyili, kusafana, ngilinganisa okwamanje futhi kuseku- 13.7 ayifiki ngo 14 futhi uma ingaphambili Uma icisha yehla kakhulu manje sengizokwehlisa i alternator ngiyethemba ukuthi inkinga uncoma ini angazi okuzo kwenziwa

  17.   kathu kusho

    Ibattery yami ivuleke ngaya kumakhenikha ngayibheka wangitshela ukuthi i-alternator ngakusasa kwacisha isibani kungenzeka ukuthi

  18.   UFelipe Serra Chapel kusho

    Ngifake ibhethri elisha emotweni yami. iqale kahle eyokuqala emihlanu noma eyisithupha. Okwesikhombisa, lapho ngiqala, wonke umsinga wehla futhi akukho okunyakazayo. Okwesine ngizama kusebenza kahle, ngaphambili. Kodwa ngakusasa uyakwenza futhi. Ngisiza ibhethri ngelinye ibhethri nezinye izintambo ze-jumper futhi isebenza kahle. Ibhethri ine-voltage efanele, i-12,8 V. Ngiyakhononda, futhi bayayishintshela enye yomkhiqizo nezici ezifanayo. Ezinsukwini eziyi-14 ngemuva kokuyivula, kwenzeka iphutha elifanayo neledlule. Ukusiza ngelinye ibhethri kusebenza ngendlela efanele; ngaphandle kosizo ayikwazi ukuqala, kodwa igcina i-voltage efanele: 12,6 kuya ku-12,8 V.
    I-charging current ingu-14,2 V. Sengikhale okwesibili... futhi usuvele ucabange: Kumelwe ngibe i-chump ehamba phambili kulezi zindaba, nakuba ngike ngaba umakhenikha ne-electrician futhi ngenza izifundo ugesi wezimoto. Iqiniso liwukuthi inkinga inendwangu. Ukhona owaziyo ukuthi kungaba yini lokhu? Iphela ngani uma uyicela ukuthi ikhiphe i-boot bese ukala i-voltage bese kulungile. Futhi, ngiyaphinda, ngisiza ngelinye ibhethri nezintambo, kuhamba kahle. Ngiyabonga Philip.

  19.   U-Alexis Martinez kusho

    i-alternator yemoto yami ithumela ama-volts angu-13, kodwa ishisa kakhulu

  20.   UFernando Silva kusho

    Iqiniso lokuthi i-alternator inomsindo ongavamile ngenxa yokuguga kwangaphakathi, ingabe kuwumthwalo wenkampani, okungukuthi, ingabe ingadingeka ukumboza izindleko zalokho kwehluleka?

  21.   UFreddy kusho

    Nginenjini kaphethiloli i-toyota hailux 2.4…iyanyakaza uma ikhanya…ihlala inesibani sokuhlola…kuphuma iphunga likaphethiloli…imosha kakhulu uphethiloli…ngidinga usizo xfa.

  22.   freddymendozagarcia kusho

    Sanibonani bafethu ngicela usizo ngine BMW 328i ka 2007 namhlanje ntambama bengihleli nemoto yami cishe imizuzu engu 20, ngesikhathi ngiqala ngathola ukuthi i air conditioning ku dashboard iyakhanya kodwa ayisebenzi. phephetha noma yimuphi umoya.Ngibona ukuthi amafasitela awavuleki.ideshibhodi inginika izexwayiso mayelana ne-abs, ibhethri, njll. Ngisho ukuthi, ideshibhodi yahlanya lapho ngiqala ukuphakama cishe ikhilomitha, kungazelelwe kuqhume ipayipi lamanzi kanye nedeshibhodi njalo kuqhume okohlanya ngibe ngime ngibheke imoto yami ngilungise ipayipi, coolan ungalivuli kuthi after 5minutes ideshboard iphinde iqale ukuhlanya kwaphuma yonke inhlobo yezixwayiso kahle ngajika. yacisha, yayisa endaweni yokusebenzela, sazama ukuyikhanyisa nayo yenza okufanayo, kodwa kulokhu amalambu angaphakathi emotweni acisha kanye naleyo yokuthi amalambu angaphandle angitshela ukuthi kungaba i-alternator engiyidingayo. umbono wakho ngiyabonga

  23.   Henry kusho

    ku-honda civic yami ka-2006 inkomba yebhethri ihlala ivutha kodwa yonke into yasebenza kahle i-alternator nebhethri.

  24.   UMariana Ramirez kusho

    Sawubona, unjani, ungangisiza ukuxazulula ukungabaza kwami. Ngiyintombazane angazi lutho olutheni ngezimoto... ngineCirrus ka-2005... futhi ibanga umsindo okhathazayo... uma ngibhuleka ngima noma erobhothini, njll. kubanga umsindo kube sengathi ifuna ukucisha imoto iphinde iwathole amandla nokunye...futhi...ngizwa sengathi imoto yami angiyilawuli emgwaqeni kwazise ngisizwa ukuthi isiteringi sikhona. ithambile futhi inyakaza kakhulu, iyaphuma ekulawuleni... ngicela usize... ngiyabonga.. KUYAZENZAKALELA

  25.   Angeles kusho

    Nginegalofu ye-volkswagen 2.0 tdi automatic 140 hp ngolunye usuku ime ngaphandle kokunikeza noma yiluphi uhlobo lokwehluleka kudeshibhodi futhi manje bangitshela endaweni yokusebenzela ukuthi i-alternator, i-pulley nebhethri. Bangitshela ukuthi ukufa kwe-battery akuhlangene nokuhluleka kwe-alternator futhi nami anginayo yokuqala kusukela eminyakeni engu-2 edlule nayo yama futhi umakhenikha womjaho wangifaka i-boch futhi ine. wasebenza unyaka nesigamu yedwa. Ngicela ungisize ungitshele ukuthi ngabe imoto bekumele ilibone lelo phutha. ngiyabonga

  26.   Jose Miguel Calderon Barro kusho

    Ibhethri ye-Audi A4 yami yango-1998 yakhishwa ngenxa yokungasebenzisi izinsuku ezingama-20. Qala imoto ngodlawu futhi uvule enye imoto. Ngiyiqede cishe ihora. Kuze kube manje kulungile. Imoto iphinde iqale futhi.
    Inkinga uma ngikhanyisa futhi ngixhuma i-air conditioning, iwashi lebhethri lehla lisuka ku-16 volts kuya ku-12 volts. Lokhu kungasho ukuthini?
    Kuyiqiniso ukuthi ngilishaje kabusha ibhethri njengoba kushiwo, ihora elilodwa lihamba.

    1.    u-sergio garcia negrete kusho

      Nginenkinga efanayo i-jetta tdi 2.0 kuphela ukuthi i-alternator yami ayiyona i-bosch, ayishaji inika ama-volts angu-12.7 kuphela, ngishintshe ibhethri futhi iyaqhubeka nenkinga efanayo ngiyabonga

  27.   URicardo De Leon Yanez kusho

    Imoto yenze kube sengathi i-battery iphansi, ngayithatha ngibheka ukuthi ibhethri iphelele uma ngizama ukuyivula futhi, kuphuma intuthu ngezansi futhi iphunga njenge-short circuit. kungaba yiliphi iphutha?

  28.   UJesu Javier Perez kusho

    Sawubona, ngicela ukwazi ukuthi imoto ingasebenza yini ngepulaki lokulawula linqanyuliwe njengoba umakhenikha engitshela ukuthi i-regulator yonakele futhi ayithumeli kahle, ingaphansi kuka-10 volts.

  29.   william rivero kusho

    Sanibonani ngine-astra isebenzisa i-bosh alternator i-regulator yonakalisiwe ngayithenga ngayifaka yasebenza kahle. Emva kwezinsuku ezi-3 kunomsindo ongavamile lapho ikhanyisa futhi i-bar light ikhanya. Nakhona umlawuli wawonakele. Yini engalungile ukuthi ave umlawuli kulimale

  30.   JESUS ​​ESPINOZA ZERAFIN kusho

    SICELA UCATHE I-ALTERNATOR YEJEEP GRAND CHEROKEE 4×4 6 CYLINDERS MODEL 1994.. NGIYABONGA

  31.   UFranklin H. González C. kusho

    Ngiyanibingelela nonke nezibusiso eziningi.

    Ingabe ukhona onolwazi lwezobuchwepheshe mayelana ne-L9462 ehlanganisiwe noma enye indawo yayo? Ngicela ngibonge ku-imeyili yami franklinhgc@gmail.com; Ngiyidinga ngokuphuthuma kakhulu.

    Ngiyabonga kakhulu bazalwane abathandekayo.

  32.   Rafa kusho

    Nginenjini kaphethiloli i-Audi A4 2.0 ngonyaka ka-2002 uma ngiqala imoto izilawuli noma amabhathini esimo sezulu angasebenzi kanti namalambu angu-4 akhanyisa ngezikhathi ezithile bese kuthi emuva kwemizuzu embalwa kucime abesikhashana okungenzeka ukuthi

  33.   U-Adrian kusho

    akushiwo lutho mayelana namabhulashi noma isilawuli salokhu futhi kungaba iphutha elishibhile ngokuphelele ukushintsha ukusho lapha ngqo ukushintsha i-alternator

  34.   Umqobi kusho

    sanibonani imoto yaqala yabanga umsindo okwesaha likagesi ngaphansi kwenjini noma okunye okufana nalokhu uma umoya uvuliwe kungaqali ngikhiphe intambo yebhethri ngilifake kuphume izinhlansi uma ngixhuma wona kanye lomsindo ofanayo uphuma, mhlawumbe owe-alternator? Ngiyabonga